Kdenlive Руководство Эффекты Обработка альфа-канала - Ротоскопирование

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This page is a translated version of the page Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Alpha manipulation/Rotoscoping and the translation is 52% complete.

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What is Rotoscoping?

"Ротоскопи́рование — анимационная техника, при которой мультфильм создаётся путём обрисовки кадр за кадром натурного фильма (с реальными актёрами и декорациями)" Wikipedia

Draw a region on one video track, and everything outside/inside that region will dissapear, showing the video track underneath.

Kdenlive rotoscoping.png

How to draw the region in Kdenlive?

The region is drawn by adding nodes along your region. These act as edges for your rotoscope, and there is a line between each node. The line between each node can be made into a Bézier_curve using "handles".
Add nodes to the node by left clicking the mouse.
Close the region by right clicking the mouse on one of the nodes.
Change the position of the region by moving a node.
Make a line curved by dragging the control "handles". These are the two dots on the ends of the straight lines that appear on the curve (see screen shot above).
Rotoscoping Handles.png
To define if it is the inside or the outside of the curve that is transparent toggle the invert checkbox.

In a previous version of kdenlive you could add a new nodes by clicking on the line between existing nodes. You could subtract nodes by right clicking on them. But it looks like you can not do this with the 17.04 & 18.04 version.

How to move the mask to follow the action - keyframes

To make the drawn mask follow the action in a clip...
Move the position in the clip by dragging the carat on the time line (1 or 3 in screenshot below) or by using the time code control in the rotoscope effect (2 in the screenshot)
Click add key frame (5 in the screen shot).
Now adjust the position of the nodes in the curve to match the action.
Kdenlive will calculate a path to move the nodes from the position they were in the previous key frame to the position you put them in at this keyframe. So you do not have to draw a curve for every frame in the clip.
To remove a key frame move to the frame with the key frame using the Go to previous keyframe (4) or Go to next keyframe (6) and then click the red X that the add key frame (5) becomes when you are on an existing keyframe.

Kdenlive Rotoscoping drag points.png

Этот эффект основан на MLT FilterRotoscoping

Серый цвет функций ротоскопирования

Roto scoping greyed out.png

При первом добавлении эффекта Ротоскопирования, функции ключевых кадров в нём имеют серый цвет - выключены. Вы даже не можете добавить новый ключевой кадр.

Решение. Нажмите в Мониторе проекта и начните рисовать вашу маску ротоскопирования. Тогда параметры функции ключевого кадра ротоскопирования включатся.

Примеры

Примеры того, что можно сделать с эффектом ротоскопирования.



см. так же Rotoscoping в ttill's блоге

Учебник по Ротоскопингу

Это видео о зеленом экране Kdenlive, но и об использовании ротоскопинга тоже.


This page was last edited on 4 August 2019, at 11:46. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.