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[[Welcome_to_KDE_UserBase|Beranda]] >> [[An_introduction_to_KDE|Pendahuluan]] >> [[Glossary|Daftar Istilah]]
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This page sets out to provide a non-technical reference, together with links for further information or demonstration. See also [[Special:myLanguage/Jargon File|Jargon File]].
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<span id="Activities"></span>
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===Aktivitas===
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:'''Aktivitas''' atau '''Activities''' adalah serangkaian ''widget'' '''Plasma''' yang mempunyai <i>wallpaper</i> sendiri. Activities ini hampir mirip dengan [[#Virtual Desktops|<i>Desktop</i> Virtual]], walaupun sebenarnya tidak sama persis.
  
This page sets out to provide a non-technical reference, together with links for further information or demonstration.
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:Sebagai contoh, Anda memiliki "aktivitas kerja" yang berisi umpan RSS (saluran berita), catatan hal-hal yang harus dilakukan, sebuah ''Tilik Folder''' atau ''Folder View'' dengan beberapa berkas yang berhubungan dengan pekerjaan Anda, dan tampilan <i>wallpaper</i> yang lembut.
  
==Tinjauan Umum==
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:Di sebelahnya, Anda memiliki "aktivitas bebas", barangkali berisi tampilan foto keluarga atau anjing peliharaan Anda, umpan RSS dari blog favorit Anda, 'Folder View' yang berisi koleksi film, <i>applet</i> Twitter, atau <i>wallpaper</i> Iron Maiden yang Anda gandrungi sejak awal 80-an.   
 
 
[http://www.kde.org/announcements/4.0/desktop.php A KDE 4.0 Visual Guide:] and a [http://media.ereslibre.es/2008/06/kde41.ogg 4.1 screencast] gives an excellent overview of '''KDE Software Compilation 4''' in the early days.
 
 
 
The following glossary is intended to help you find your way through the mists of new names and new concepts.  In some cases you can find a link from a '''KDE 3''' component to its equivalent in the context of '''KDE SC 4''' software.
 
 
 
 
 
===Activities===
 
:'''Activities''' are sets of '''Plasma''' ''widgets'' that have their own wallpaper. A bit like [[#Virtual Desktops|''Virtual Desktops'']], but not quite.
 
 
 
:For example you have a "work activity" with commit rss feeds, a note with your TODO, a ''Folder View'' with your work related files, and a subtle wallpaper
 
 
 
:Next to it, you have your "freetime activity", with previews of family photos and dogs, rss feeds from your favourite blogs, a Folder View showing your movie collection, a twitter applet and of course that Iron Maiden wallpaper you have been loving since the early 80s.   
 
 
 
:At 1700 hours sharp you switch from the "work activity" to your "freetime activity".
 
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[[Plasma/FAQ#How can I add/remove an activity?|Membuat Aktivitas]]
 
  
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:Pada pukul 17.00, Anda beralih dari "aktivitas kerja" ke "aktivitas bebas" Anda.
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [[Special:myLanguage/Plasma#Activities|Creating Activities]]
 +
<span id="Akonadi"></span>
 
===Akonadi===
 
===Akonadi===
:The data storage access mechanism for all ''PIM'' (Personal Information Manager) data in ''KDE SC 4''.  One single storage and retrieval system allows efficiency and extensibiliy not possible under ''KDE 3'', where each PIM component had its own system. Note that use of '''Akonadi''' does not change data storage formats (''vcard'', ''iCalendar'', ''mbox'', ''maildir'' etc.) - it just provides a new way of accessing and updating the data.
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:The data storage access mechanism for all ''PIM'' (Personal Information Manager) data in ''KDE''.  This allows various applications to access the required information in one place. Note that use of '''Akonadi''' does not change data storage formats (''vcard'', ''iCalendar'', ''mbox'', ''maildir'' etc.) - it just provides a new way of accessing and updating the data.
 
 
:The main reasons for design and development of '''Akonadi''' are of technical nature, e.g. having a unique way to access PIM-data (contacts, calendars, emails..) from different applications (e.g. '''kmail''', '''kword'''..), thus eliminating the need to write similar code here and there.
 
 
 
:Another goal is to de-couple GUI applications like '''kmail''' from the direct access to external resources like mail-servers - which was a major reason for bug-reports/wishes with regard to performance/responsiveness in the past.
 
  
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
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:Alasan utama mendesain dan mengembangkan '''Akonadi''' adalah alasan teknis, yaitu cara yang unik untuk mengakses data PIM (seperti: kontak, kalender, surel, dan seterusnya) dari beberapa aplikasi yang berbeda-beda (misalnya: '''KMail''', '''KWord''', dan sebagainya) sehingga dapat mengurangi penulisan kode program yang serupa di banyak tempat.
::[http://userbase.kde.org/Akonadi/ Akonadi for KDE's PIM]
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akonadi Wikipedia - Akonadi]
 
::[http://techbase.kde.org/Projects/PIM/Akonadi Techbase - Akonadi]
 
  
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:Alasan lain adalah untuk menghilangkan keharusan aplikasi antarmuka grafis, seperti '''KMail''', untuk melakukan akses langsung ke <i>resources</i> luar, seperti peladen surel (<i>mail-server</i>) -- yang merupakan alasan utama pelaporan ''bug''/permintaan karena adanya masalah kinerja/ respons di masa yang lalu.
  
===aRts===
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'''More Information''':
:The sound framework in KDE 2 and 3.  Its single-tasking nature caused problems when two sources of sound were encountered.  In the ''Plasma workspace'' it is replaced by [[#Phonon|''Phonon'']]
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* [http://userbase.kde.org/Akonadi/ Akonadi for KDE's PIM]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akonadi Wikipedia - Akonadi]
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* [http://techbase.kde.org/Projects/PIM/Akonadi Techbase - Akonadi]
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<span id="Containment"></span>
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===Baloo===
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[[Special:myLanguage/Baloo|Baloo]] is a file indexing and search service that '''Dolphin''' and '''Elisa''' use to get metadata for files and to allow global searches. In a terminal type, <code>balooctl check</code> to find out whether an index was created already. <code>balooctl disable</code> and <code>balooctl status</code> are helpful instructions as well.
  
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
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'''More Information''':
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARts Wikipedia - aRts]  
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* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baloo Baloo]  
::[http://www.arts-project.org/gen/newsarchive/news_2000.html aRts Home Page]
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<span id="Containment"></span>
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===Breeze===
 +
Breeze is the default theme starting with Plasma 5.
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [https://cgit.kde.org/breeze.git/ Git repository]
  
 
===Containment===
 
===Containment===
:A ''Containment'' is a top level grouping of widgets. Each Containment manages the layout and configuration data of its set of widgets independently from other Containments.
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:'''Containment''' merupakan pengelompokan <i>widget</i> level atas. Tiap Containment mengatur tata letak dan data konfigurasi dari beberapa <i>widget</i> secara terpisah dari Containment yang lain.
 
 
:The end result is that you can group widgets within a Containment according to the significance to your working pattern, rather than by directory grouping.  
 
 
 
  
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:Hasil akhirnya adalah Anda dapat mengelompokkan beberapa <i>widget</i> dalam sebuah Containment mengacu pada keberartian dengan pola kerja Anda, jadi bukan berdasar pada pengelompokan direktori.   
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<span id="D-Bus"></span>
 
===D-Bus===
 
===D-Bus===
:An inter-service messaging system. Developed by RedHat, it was heavily influenced by KDE3's ''DCOP'', which it supercedes.
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:An inter-service messaging system. D-Bus allows multiple programs to interact. Developed by Red Hat<sup>®</sup>, it was heavily influenced by KDE3's ''DCOP'', which it supersedes.
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/dbus FreeDesktop.org: What is D-Bus?]
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D-Bus Wikipedia: D-Bus]
 
 
 
  
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'''More Information''':
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* [http://freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/dbus FreeDesktop.org: What is D-Bus?]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D-Bus Wikipedia: D-Bus]
 +
<span id="Dolphin"></span>
 
===Dolphin===
 
===Dolphin===
:The default file manager in KDE SC 4.  It has a side panel (''Places''), but navigation is mainly by the ''breadcrumb'' trail above the main window. Split windows are possible, and views can be applied to individual windows. Mounting and umounting USB devices can be done in the side-panel. Other directories can be added to the Places panel.  A ''Tree view'' is also possible.
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:The default file manager in KDE Plasma.  It has a side panel (''Places''), but navigation is mainly by the ''breadcrumb'' trail above the main window. It has various advanced features such as split windows and individual views in different windows. Mounting and umounting USB devices can be done in the side-panel. Other directories can be added to the Places panel.  A ''Tree view'' is also possible.
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolphin_(software) Wikipedia - Dolphin (software)]
 
::[http://dot.kde.org/2007/03/01/road-kde-4-dolphin-and-konqueror Road to KDE 4: Dolphin and Konqueror]
 
::[http://arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20070405-afirst-look-at-dolphin-the-kde-4-file-manager.html Ars Technica: A First Look at Dolphin]
 
::[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i4HS1v0a9Xs Youtube - KDE 4 rev 680445 - Dolphin]
 
::[http://introducingkde4.blogspot.com/2007/12/dolphin.html Introducing KDE 4 Blog - Dolphin]
 
::[[Tutorials/File_Management|Tutorial PEngelolaan Berkas UserBase]]
 
 
 
===Extender===
 
:''Extenders'' are a special kind of popup that can grow out of a [[#Plasma|Plasma]] panel for example. Extenders have detachable parts. Extenders are a new concept that arrived in Plasma for KDE 4.2. Notifications already use this system. This enables, for example, a user to drag a notification of a download or file copy job, onto his or her desktop and keep track of it there. The same can be done for other kinds of notifications, too.
 
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://kde-look.org/content/show.php/KDE+Extender+Mockup?content=30012 Mockup Screenshots]
 
::[http://plasma.kde.org/cms/1069 The Elements of Plasma]
 
 
 
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolphin_(software) Wikipedia - Dolphin (software)]
 +
* [[Special:myLanguage/Tutorials/File_Management|The UserBase File Management Tutorial]]
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<span id="Flake"></span>
 
===Flake===
 
===Flake===
:''Flake'' is a programming library to be used in '''KOffice2'''. Functionally, it provides ''Shapes'' to display content and ''Tools'' to manipulate content. Shapes can be zoomed or rotated and can be grouped to work as a single Shape, around which text flow is possible.  
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:''Flake'' is a programming library to be used in [https://krita.org/en/ Krita] and [[Special:myLanguage/Calligra|Calligra]]. Functionally, it provides ''Shapes'' to display content and ''Tools'' to manipulate content. Shapes can be zoomed or rotated and can be grouped to work as a single Shape, around which text flow is possible.  
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://wiki.koffice.org/index.php?title=Flake KOffice Wiki - Flake]
 
 
 
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [http://community.kde.org/Calligra/Libs/Flake KDE Community Wiki - Flake]
 +
<span id="Get Hot New Stuff"></span>
 
===Get Hot New Stuff===
 
===Get Hot New Stuff===
:''Get Hot New Stuff (GHNS)'' is an open standard that makes it easy for users to download and install various extensions for their applications. Our implementation of GHNS is used by Plasma (for example to get new desktop themes), and by many applications and widgets.
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:''Get Hot New Stuff (GHNS)'' merupakan standar terbuka yang memungkinkan pengguna untuk mengunduh dan memasang berbagai ekstensi untuk aplikasinya. GHNS digunakan (misalnya) Plasma (untuk mendapatkan tema <i>desktop</i> baru), berbagai aplikasi, dan <i>widget</i> lainnya.
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://ghns.freedesktop.org Home of GHNS]
 
::[http://lwn.net/Articles/227855/ An article on GHNS in KDE SC 4]
 
 
 
===Home Directory===
 
:That's the place in your system where all your files are kept. You can write your files outside of this folder, but all applications are configured to propose this folder as place to write your files to. It is easier when you keep your things here.
 
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Home_directory Wikipedia - Home directory]
 
 
 
===KControl===
 
:''KDE Control Center'', for setting global preferences in KDE 3. Replaced by the [[#System Settings|'''System Settings''']] interface in KDE SC 4.
 
  
===KDOM===
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'''More Information''':
:A [[#KPart|''KPart'']] module making ''KHTML DOM (Document Object Model) '' rendering capabilities available to all applications. [[#KSVG|''KSVG2'']] is built on KDOM for KDE SC 4.
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* [http://store.kde.org The KDE Store]
 +
<span id="Home Directory"></span>
 +
===Direktori <i>Home</i>===
 +
:Direktori atau folder <i>Home</i> merupakan tempat seluruh berkas disimpan di dalam sistem. Anda juga dapat menulis berkas Anda di luar folder ini, tetapi seluruh aplikasi diatur untuk menggunakan folder ini sebagai tempat untuk menulis berkas Anda. Hal ini lebih mudah jika Anda menyimpan beberapa berkas Anda di sini.  
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Home_directory Wikipedia - Home directory]
 +
<span id="KHTML"></span>
 
===KHTML===
 
===KHTML===
:''KHTML'' is the HTML rendering engine for the KDE Plasma desktop, as used by the '''Konqueror''' browser. It also provides a KPart that enables all KDE applications to display web content. A new introduction, ''Qt WebKit'' is also for Plasma and other application development.
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:''KHTML'' is a HTML rendering engine that was the base of WebKit, the engine that powers many browsers still in use today (e.g. Safari).  
 
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<span id="Kirigami"></span>
===Kicker===
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===Kirigami===
:In KDE 3, the relocatable bar, usually at the bottom of the screen (sometimes called the [[#Panel|''Panel'']]), on which application launchers, the [[#Pager|''Pager'']], and buttons for running applications reside. See [[#Panel|''Panel'']]
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:'''Kirigami''' is a set of components allowing developers to create applications that looks good and works well on mobile platforms as well as on the desktop.
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [https://www.kde.org/products/kirigami/ Kirigami on kde.org]
 +
<span id="Kickoff"></span>
 
===Kickoff===
 
===Kickoff===
:In KDE SC 4 (and some late versions of KDE 3), a launch menu in which apps are sorted by functional group. "Favorites" replaces the "Most used applications" in ''Classic Menu'', and applications can be added to it.  Right-click also offers the possibility of adding applications to the desktop or panel. Rapid access to a less-used application is made possible with the search box. Other menus are being worked on, since KDE SC 4 can be used with more than one launcher, should that be required.
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:Kickoff is a launch menu in KDE Plasma in which apps are sorted by functional groups. Right-click also offers the possibility of adding applications to the desktop or panel. Rapid access to a less-used application is made possible with the search box. There are also alternatives, such as the fullscreen app dashboard.  
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://home.kde.org/~binner/kickoff/sneak_preview.html Pratayang Awal Kickoff]
 
::[http://en.opensuse.org/Kickoff Design documentation]
 
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [http://en.opensuse.org/Kickoff Design documentation]
 +
<span id="KJS"></span>
 
===KJS===
 
===KJS===
:''JavaScript'' untuk platform KDE.
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:''KJS'' merupakan ''JavaScript'' untuk <i>platform</i> KDE.
 
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<span id="KInfoCenter"></span>
 
===KInfoCenter===
 
===KInfoCenter===
:'''Kinfocenter''' originated as part of [[#KControl|'''KControl''']] standing alone from KDE 3.1. In KDE SC 4 up until 4.4 it is replaced by modules configured in [[#System Settings|'''System Settings''']], notably [[#Solid|''Solid'']], and is being reintroduced as an application in KDE SC 4.5.
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:'''KInfoCenter''' originated as part of [[#KControl|KControl]] standing alone from KDE 3.1. It can display data about your system such as energy usage, hardware info and many more.
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut:
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kinfocenter Wikipedia - KInfoCenter]
 
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [[Special:myLanguage/KInfoCenter|KInfoCenter]]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kinfocenter Wikipedia - KInfoCenter]
 +
<span id="KIO"></span>
 
===KIO===
 
===KIO===
:''KDE Input/Output framework'' provides a single ''API'' for operating on files, whether local or on a remote server.  Additionally, ''KIO Slaves'' provide support for individual protocols.  Some particularly useful ones are ''http'', ''ftp'', ''sftp'', ''smb'', ''nfs'', ''ssh (fish)'', ''man'', ''tar'' and ''zip''
+
:''KDE Input/Output framework'' provides a single ''API'' for operating on files, whether local or on a remote server.  Additionally, ''KIO Slaves'' provide support for individual protocols.  Some particularly useful ones are ''http'', ''ftp'', ''sftp'', ''smb'', ''nfs'', ''ssh (fish)'', ''man'', ''tar'', ''google drive'', and ''zip''.
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KIO Wikipedia - KIO]
 
::[http://www.linux.com/feature/124686 Linux.com - Master the KIO slaves]
 
::[http://osdir.com/Article2159.phtml Breaking the Network Barrier]
 
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [[Special:myLanguage/File transfers|A tutorial on file transfers]]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KIO Wikipedia - KIO]
 +
* [http://www.linux.com/feature/124686 Linux.com - Master the KIO slaves]
 +
<span id="Kiosk"></span>
 
===Kiosk===
 
===Kiosk===
:[http://techbase.kde.org/KDE_System_Administration/Kiosk/Introduction '''Kiosk'''] is a framework for restricting user capabilities on a ''KDE platform'' system, ideal for use in locked-down environments such as Internet cafés. It is present in KDE 3 and KDE 4, but the adminisration tool, '''Kiosktool''' is KDE 3 only.  It can be used to configure KDE 4 apps, or '''kiosk''' configurations can be maintained by editing config files manually.
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* [http://techbase.kde.org/KDE_System_Administration/Kiosk/Introduction Kiosk] is a framework for restricting user capabilities on a ''KDE platform'' system, ideal for use in locked-down environments such as Internet cafés. It has been unmaintained for quite some time now.
 
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<span id="KPart"></span>
 
===KPart===
 
===KPart===
:A ''KPart'' is an individual component of the ''KDE Plasma desktop'' and allows applications to share their services with other applications. KParts allow '''KMail''' and '''KOrganizer''' to integrate (as plugins) into the '''Kontact''' suite, or [[#KHTML|''KHTML'']] to display sites in '''Akregator'''.
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:''KPart'' merupakan komponen terpisah dari ''<i>desktop</i> Plasma KDE'' yang memungkinkan aplikasi berbagi layanan dengan aplikasi lainnya. Kparts mengizinkan '''KMail''' dan '''KOrganizer''' untuk mengintegrasikan (sebagai <i>plugin</i>) ke dalam <i>suite</i> '''Kontact''', atau [[#KHTML|KHTML]] untuk menampilkan situs di '''Akregator'''.
 
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<span id="Kross"></span>
 
===Kross===
 
===Kross===
: ''Kross'' is a scripting framework, enabling support for multiple scripting languages. A plugin system allows for the support of further languages in the future.
+
:''Kross'' merupakan kerangka kerja (<i>framework</i>) <i>scripting</i>, yang mendukung beberapa bahasa <i>scripting</i>. ''Kross'' merupakan sistem <i>plugin</i> yang memungkinkan adanya dukungan bahasa lebih lanjut di masa mendatang.
 
+
<span id="KRunner"></span>
 
===KRunner===
 
===KRunner===
:The mini-command-line that is accessed from the Classic menu, the keyboard shortcut ''Alt+F2'', or a right-click on the desktop. In '''KDE SC 4''' a partial name will display all possible matches
+
:The mini-command-line that is accessed from the Classic menu, the keyboard shortcut ''Alt+F2'', or a right-click on the desktop.
  
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
+
'''More Information''':
::[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B1-SFSmwTXw Youtube - KRunner di KDE SC 4.1]
+
* [[Special:myLanguage/Plasma/Krunner|KRunner wiki]]
 
 
===KSVG===
 
: ''KSVG'' enables support for ''scalable vector graphics'' in a [[#KHTML|''KHTML'']] browser.  ''KSVG2'' extends this for KDE SC 4.
 
  
 +
<span id="KWin"></span>
 
===KWin===
 
===KWin===
:''KWin'' is the window manager. This is where window decorations can be changed and themes applied. KDE SC 4 extends KWin to provide support for ''3D Compositing effects'' on the desktop.
+
:''KWin'' is the window manager of KDE. This is where window decorations can be changed and themes applied.  
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://dot.kde.org/1180541665/ Road to KDE 4: KWin Composite]
 
::[http://francis.giannaros.org/blog/2007/12/03/kde4-desktop-effects-kwin-composite-video-tour/  KDE SC 4 Desktop Effects Video Tour]
 
::[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YrFz7IxXppU Youtube - KDE SC 4.0 KWin Composite Showcast]
 
::[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4WBLlc6xCQ4 Youtube - KWin compositing config &amp; intro]
 
 
 
===Mini-CLI===
 
:Lihat [[#KRunner|'''KRunner''']]
 
 
 
===Nepomuk===
 
:"Networked Environment for Personalized, Ontology-based Management of Unified Knowledge",  ''Nepomuk'' aims to remove artificial barriers between information to allow dynamic classification, organisation and presentation of data to the user.  Whether downloaded from the internet, received in an email or scribbled in a note, information is globally searchable and tagged with intelligent data.  See [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semantic_desktop ''The Semantic Desktop''] for further discussion of this concept.
 
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semantic_desktop Wikipedia - Semantic Desktop]
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NEPOMUK_(framework)  Wikipedia - NEPOMUK Framework]
 
::[http://nepomuk.semanticdesktop.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main1/ Website NEPOMUK]
 
::[http://nepomuk.kde.org/discover/user KDE NEPOMUK]
 
::[[Nepomuk|Artikel UserBase tentang Nepomuk]]
 
 
 
===Oxygen===
 
:''Oxygen'' is the default theme of KDE SC 4. Designed to bring "a breath of fresh air" to the desktop by removing the simplistic, cartoonish icons, and replacing them with a clean theme and photo-realistic icons.  Oxygen uses a desaturated palette to avoid the icons becoming a distraction and uses detailed scalable graphics (SVG).
 
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxygen_Project Wikipedia - Oxygen Project]
 
::[http://www.oxygen-icons.org/?cat=3 Oxygen Icons]
 
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [[Special:myLanguage/KWin|KWin]]
 +
<span id="Pager"></span>
 
===Pager===
 
===Pager===
:A ''pager'' is a small program or panel applet which shows the position of windows on your desktop and usually, if you have several [[#Virtual Desktops|''Virtual Desktops'']], gives an overview over all.
+
:''Pager'' merupakan program kecil atau aplet panel yang menunjukkan posisi jendela pada <i>desktop</i> Anda dan biasanya, jika Anda memiliki [[#Virtual Desktop|<i>Desktop Virtual</i>]], program ini dapat memberikan semua gambaran.
 
+
<span id="Panel"></span>
 
===Panel===
 
===Panel===
:See [[#Kicker|'''Kicker''']]. In '''KDE SC 4''' the name "kicker" is dropped, and the name "panel" is the norm.  "Applets"; are largely replaced by [[#Widget|''Widgets'']]
+
:See [[#Kicker|Kicker]]. In '''KDE Plasma''' the name "kicker" is dropped, and the name "panel" is the norm.  "Applets"; are largely replaced by [[#Widget|Widgets]]
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [[Special:myLanguage/Plasma/Panels|Panels]]
 +
<span id="Phonon"></span>
 
===Phonon===
 
===Phonon===
:A cross-platform multimedia API, interfacing with existing frameworks, such as ''gstreamer'' and ''xine engines''. KDE 2 and 3 depended on ''aRts'' for sound.  ''Phonon'' replaces it.
+
:A cross-platform multimedia API, interfacing with existing frameworks, such as ''gstreamer'' and ''xine engines''.
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phonon_(KDE) Wikipedia - Phonon (KDE)]
 
::[http://phonon.kde.org/cms/1030 Website Phonon]
 
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [[Special:myLanguage/Phonon|Phonon]]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phonon_(KDE) Wikipedia - Phonon (KDE)]
 +
* [http://phonon.kde.org/ Phonon website]
 +
<span id="Plasma"></span>
 
===Plasma===
 
===Plasma===
:In KDE SC 4 the Plasma Desktop replaces ''KDesktop'', '''kicker''' and the ''superkaramba'' widget engine. The applets are called '''Plasmoids''', and range from informational widgets to mini-apps such as a calculator or dictionary. Widgets from other sources, such as ''SuperKaramba widgets'' or ''Google Gadgets'' are also supported.
+
:Plasma is the desktop environment from KDE. It is the part of the desktop that you can see. Plasma also acts as a glue between panels, plasmoids and Kickoff. Plasma Mobile allows Plasma to run on smartphones and uses the same underlying code base.
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasma_(KDE) Wikipedia - Plasma (KDE)]
 
::[http://plasma.kde.org/cms/1107 Website Plasma]
 
::[[Plasma|FAQ Plasma]]
 
::[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H5RpH9HOXJA&amp;feature=related  Youtube - Plasma Applets Galore (Part 1)]
 
::[http://liquidat.wordpress.com/ Liquidat&#039;s Blog]
 
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plasma_(KDE) Wikipedia - Plasma (KDE)]
 +
* [http://plasma.kde.org/cms/1107 Plasma website]
 +
* [[Special:myLanguage/Plasma|The Plasma main page]]
 +
* [[Special:myLanguage/Plasma/FAQ/Index|The Plasma FAQ's]]
 +
<span id="Qt"></span>
 
===Qt===
 
===Qt===
:(Pronounced "cute") A framework/toolkit for writing cross-platform applications. It is used by many cross-platform applications such as '''Opera''' browser, '''GoogleEarth''' and '''Skype'''. ''Qt'' is developed by Trolltech, who are now part of the Nokia company.  Qt forms the underlying library KDE software is built on.  
+
:(Pronounced "cute") A framework/toolkit for writing cross-platform applications. It is used by many cross-platform applications such as '''Krita''', '''GoogleEarth''' and many others.  Qt forms the underlying library KDE software is built on.  
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qt_(toolkit) The Qt Toolkit]
 
::[http://trolltech.com/products/qt/learnmore/demo Video demo tentang Qt]
 
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qt_(toolkit) The Qt Toolkit]
 +
<span id="Solid"></span>
 
===Solid===
 
===Solid===
:''Solid'' provides a single API for hardware management. Hardware is grouped into "domains". The initial domains relate to ''HAL'', ''NetworkManager'' and the ''Bluetooth'' stack. Since the backends for Solid are pluggable, Solid helps application developers write less code, and have it platform independent.
+
:''Solid'' menyediakan API tunggal untuk manajemen (pengelolaan) perangkat keras. Perangkat keras dikelompokkan ke dalam beberapa "ranah" ("<i>domain</i>"). Ranah awal berhubungan dengan ''HAL'', ''NetworkManager'', dan <i>stack</i> ''Bluetooth''. Sejak <i>backed</i> untuk Solid mudah dipasang-lepas (<i>pluggable</i>), Solid membantu pengembang aplikasi menulis sedikit kode, dan dalam <i>platform</i> terpisah.  
 
 
:Infomasi lebih lanjut:
 
::[http://solid.kde.org/cms/1058 Discover Solid]
 
::[http://dot.kde.org/1177385913/ Solid Brings Hardware Configuration and Control to the KDE platform]
 
 
 
===Soprano===
 
:''Soprano'' is a sub-project of [[#Nepomuk|''Nepomuk'']], providing a repository for gathered information such as tags, ratings, etc.. This makes the information available to [[#Strigi|''Strigi'']]
 
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://tinyurl.com/334u7r More about Nepomuk-KDE: Soprano and KDE platform integration]
 
 
 
===Strigi===
 
:A deep-indexed search daemon, ''Strigi'' aims to be fast and light-weight.  It also uses ''SHA-1 hash'' which will help in the identification of duplicate files.
 
 
 
:''More info'':
 
::[http://strigi.sourceforge.net/ Strigi - the fastest and smallest desktop searching program]
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strigi Wikipedia - Strigi]
 
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [http://solid.kde.org/cms/1058 Discover Solid]
 +
<span id="System Settings"></span>
 
===System Settings===
 
===System Settings===
:KDE SC 4 replacement for [[#KControl|'''KControl''']] (Control Center) providing modular control over the KDE platform.
+
:The system settings are the unified place where you can change and customize many aspects of the Plasma desktop and KWin such as icon themes, desktop effects and shortcuts.
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://www.lazytechguy.com/2008/01/kde4-system-settings.html KDE SC 4 System Settings illustrated]
 
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [[Special:myLanguage/System Settings|System Settings]]
 +
<span id="Threadweaver"></span>
 
===Threadweaver===
 
===Threadweaver===
:This thread programming library spreads work among multiple-core processors where available, prioritising them before queueing them for execution. ''ThreadWeaver'' provides a high-level job interface for multithreaded programming.  
+
:Pustaka pemrograman <i>thread</i> ini menyebar dan bekerja di antara prosesor <i>multiple-core</i> yang tersedia, memprioritaskannya sebelum mengantrikannya untuk eksekusi. ''ThreadWeaver'' menyediakan antarmuka pekerjaan tingkat tinggi untuk pemrograman <i>multithread</i>.sebelum mengantrikannya untuk eksekusi. ''ThreadWeaver'' menyediakan antarmuka pekerjaan tingkat tinggi untuk pemrograman <i>multithread</i>.  
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://tinyurl.com/5edc2k Why Multithreading? (Technical article)]
 
 
 
===Virtual Desktops===
 
:A popular concept of Unix based window managers is the one of ''virtual desktops''. This means you have not only one screen where you can place your windows on but several. When you switch to a different desktop (usually with a pager) you will only see the windows which you started on your new desktop or moved to it. A window can also be made "sticky" which means it appears on all virtual desktops.
 
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [http://www.englishbreakfastnetwork.org/apidocs/apidox-kde-4.0/kdelibs-apidocs/threadweaver/html/Why.html Why Multithreading? (Technical article)]
 +
<span id="Virtual Desktops"></span>
 +
===Desktop Virtual===
 +
:Sebuah konsep populer <i>window manager</i> berbasis Unix merupakan salah satu dari ''desktop virtual''. Hal ini berarti Anda bukan hanya memiliki satu layar yang dapat menempatkan beberapa jendela (<i>window</i>), melainkan pula beberapa layar sekaligus. Ketika Anda beralih ke <i>desktop</i> yang berbeda (biasanya dengan <i>pager</i>), Anda hanya akan melihat jendela yang Anda mulai pada <i>desktop</i> Anda yang baru atau pindahkan ke sana. Sebuah jendela juga dapat ditempelkan ("<i>sticky</i>") yang berarti jendela tersebut tampak pada semua <i>desktop</i> virtual.
 +
<span id="WebKit"></span>
 
===WebKit===
 
===WebKit===
:HTML ''rendering engine'', originating from a fork of [[#KHTML|''KHTML'']]. Adopted by Apple and developed for Safari. ''Webkit'' brings the whole functionality back to KDE SC 4, where it is available through Qt.
+
:HTML ''rendering engine'', originating from a fork of [[#KHTML|KHTML]]. Adopted by Apple and developed for Safari.  
 
 
:''Infomasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://webkit.org/ The Webkit home page]
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Webkit Wikipedia - Webkit]
 
  
 +
'''More Information''':
 +
* [http://webkit.org/ The Webkit home page]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Webkit Wikipedia - Webkit]
 +
<span id="Widget"></span>
 
===Widget===
 
===Widget===
:Collins English Dictionary: "Any small mechanism or device the name of which is unknown or temporarily forgotten." In KDE software terms, a '''widget''' is a single component on the canvas. Other common names that are analogous are "applet" or "gadget". Superkaramba Themes, Apple's Dashboard, Google Gadgets, Yahoo Widgets, Vista Sidebar Widgets, Opera Widgets are all examples of other widget systems (some of which are supported by Plasma as well).
+
:Kamus bahasa Inggris [http://www.collinslanguage.com/ Collins]: "Setiap mekanisme kecil atau nama perangkat yang tidak diketahui atau diabaikan sementara." Istilah dalam perangkat lunak KDE, '''widget''' merupakan komponen tunggal pada <i>canvas</i>. Istilah analogi lainnya disebut ''<i>applet</i>'' atau ''<i>gadget</i>''. Tema Superkaramba, dasbor Apple, <i>gadgets</i> Google, <i>widget</i> Yahoo!, <i>widget</i> bilah batang (<i>sidebar</i>) Vista, dan <i>widget</i> (peramban web) Opera, merupakan contoh dari sistem <i>widget</i> yang lain (beberapa di antaranya didukung pula oleh Plasma).
 
+
<span id="X-Server"></span>
===X-Server===
+
===X Server===
:The ''X-Server'' represents a basic layer upon which the various GUIs like the KDE Plasma desktop are built. It manages the basic mouse and keyboard input (from the local host as well as from remote hosts) and provides elementary graphic routines to draw rectangles and other primitives.
+
:The ''X Server'' represents a basic layer upon which the various GUIs like the KDE Plasma desktop are built. It manages the basic mouse and keyboard input (from the local host as well as from remote hosts) and provides elementary graphic routines to draw rectangles and other primitives.
 
+
<span id="XMLGUI"></span>
 
===XMLGUI===
 
===XMLGUI===
:A programmers' framework for designing the user interface. It is extensively used by ''KParts''
+
:Sebuah kerangka kerja programer untuk mendesain antarmuka pengguna. Secara ekstensif, digunakan oleh ''KParts''.  
 
 
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XMLGUI Wikipedia - XMLGUI]
 
::[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qt_Style_Sheets Wikipedia - Qt Style Sheets]
 
 
 
===ZUI===
 
:The "Zooming User Interface".  "By zooming out, users can get an overview of all the object groupings that they have made. These groupings may reflect the projects they are working on, be ways to keep different sets of files organized, etc. By hovering or clicking on one of these groups when zoomed out, users can either get a preview/snapshot of what is in the grouping, or zoom in on that grouping so that it is displayed full size on the physical screen." ''aseigo''.  
 
  
:''Informasi lebih lanjut'':
+
'''More Information''':
::[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EhODrJkoidA Youtube ZUI demo]
+
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XMLGUI Wikipedia - XMLGUI]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qt_Style_Sheets Wikipedia - Qt Style Sheets]
  
{|style="text-align:right"
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{{Prev|Special:myLanguage/An_introduction_to_KDE|An Introduction to KDE}}
|'''Kembali ke [[An_introduction_to_KDE|halaman Pendahuluan]]'''
 
|}
 
  
 
[[Category:Memulai/id]]
 
[[Category:Memulai/id]]
 
[[Category:Sistem/id]]
 
[[Category:Sistem/id]]

Latest revision as of 14:50, 29 June 2019

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This page sets out to provide a non-technical reference, together with links for further information or demonstration. See also Jargon File.

Aktivitas

Aktivitas atau Activities adalah serangkaian widget Plasma yang mempunyai wallpaper sendiri. Activities ini hampir mirip dengan Desktop Virtual, walaupun sebenarnya tidak sama persis.
Sebagai contoh, Anda memiliki "aktivitas kerja" yang berisi umpan RSS (saluran berita), catatan hal-hal yang harus dilakukan, sebuah Tilik Folder' atau Folder View dengan beberapa berkas yang berhubungan dengan pekerjaan Anda, dan tampilan wallpaper yang lembut.
Di sebelahnya, Anda memiliki "aktivitas bebas", barangkali berisi tampilan foto keluarga atau anjing peliharaan Anda, umpan RSS dari blog favorit Anda, 'Folder View' yang berisi koleksi film, applet Twitter, atau wallpaper Iron Maiden yang Anda gandrungi sejak awal 80-an.
Pada pukul 17.00, Anda beralih dari "aktivitas kerja" ke "aktivitas bebas" Anda.

More Information:

Akonadi

The data storage access mechanism for all PIM (Personal Information Manager) data in KDE. This allows various applications to access the required information in one place. Note that use of Akonadi does not change data storage formats (vcard, iCalendar, mbox, maildir etc.) - it just provides a new way of accessing and updating the data.
Alasan utama mendesain dan mengembangkan Akonadi adalah alasan teknis, yaitu cara yang unik untuk mengakses data PIM (seperti: kontak, kalender, surel, dan seterusnya) dari beberapa aplikasi yang berbeda-beda (misalnya: KMail, KWord, dan sebagainya) sehingga dapat mengurangi penulisan kode program yang serupa di banyak tempat.
Alasan lain adalah untuk menghilangkan keharusan aplikasi antarmuka grafis, seperti KMail, untuk melakukan akses langsung ke resources luar, seperti peladen surel (mail-server) -- yang merupakan alasan utama pelaporan bug/permintaan karena adanya masalah kinerja/ respons di masa yang lalu.

More Information:

Baloo

Baloo is a file indexing and search service that Dolphin and Elisa use to get metadata for files and to allow global searches. In a terminal type, balooctl check to find out whether an index was created already. balooctl disable and balooctl status are helpful instructions as well.

More Information:

Breeze

Breeze is the default theme starting with Plasma 5.

More Information:

Containment

Containment merupakan pengelompokan widget level atas. Tiap Containment mengatur tata letak dan data konfigurasi dari beberapa widget secara terpisah dari Containment yang lain.
Hasil akhirnya adalah Anda dapat mengelompokkan beberapa widget dalam sebuah Containment mengacu pada keberartian dengan pola kerja Anda, jadi bukan berdasar pada pengelompokan direktori.

D-Bus

An inter-service messaging system. D-Bus allows multiple programs to interact. Developed by Red Hat®, it was heavily influenced by KDE3's DCOP, which it supersedes.

More Information:

Dolphin

The default file manager in KDE Plasma. It has a side panel (Places), but navigation is mainly by the breadcrumb trail above the main window. It has various advanced features such as split windows and individual views in different windows. Mounting and umounting USB devices can be done in the side-panel. Other directories can be added to the Places panel. A Tree view is also possible.

More Information:

Flake

Flake is a programming library to be used in Krita and Calligra. Functionally, it provides Shapes to display content and Tools to manipulate content. Shapes can be zoomed or rotated and can be grouped to work as a single Shape, around which text flow is possible.

More Information:

Get Hot New Stuff

Get Hot New Stuff (GHNS) merupakan standar terbuka yang memungkinkan pengguna untuk mengunduh dan memasang berbagai ekstensi untuk aplikasinya. GHNS digunakan (misalnya) Plasma (untuk mendapatkan tema desktop baru), berbagai aplikasi, dan widget lainnya.

More Information:

Direktori Home

Direktori atau folder Home merupakan tempat seluruh berkas disimpan di dalam sistem. Anda juga dapat menulis berkas Anda di luar folder ini, tetapi seluruh aplikasi diatur untuk menggunakan folder ini sebagai tempat untuk menulis berkas Anda. Hal ini lebih mudah jika Anda menyimpan beberapa berkas Anda di sini.

More Information:

KHTML

KHTML is a HTML rendering engine that was the base of WebKit, the engine that powers many browsers still in use today (e.g. Safari).

Kirigami

Kirigami is a set of components allowing developers to create applications that looks good and works well on mobile platforms as well as on the desktop.

More Information:

Kickoff

Kickoff is a launch menu in KDE Plasma in which apps are sorted by functional groups. Right-click also offers the possibility of adding applications to the desktop or panel. Rapid access to a less-used application is made possible with the search box. There are also alternatives, such as the fullscreen app dashboard.

More Information:

KJS

KJS merupakan JavaScript untuk platform KDE.

KInfoCenter

KInfoCenter originated as part of KControl standing alone from KDE 3.1. It can display data about your system such as energy usage, hardware info and many more.

More Information:

KIO

KDE Input/Output framework provides a single API for operating on files, whether local or on a remote server. Additionally, KIO Slaves provide support for individual protocols. Some particularly useful ones are http, ftp, sftp, smb, nfs, ssh (fish), man, tar, google drive, and zip.

More Information:

Kiosk

  • Kiosk is a framework for restricting user capabilities on a KDE platform system, ideal for use in locked-down environments such as Internet cafés. It has been unmaintained for quite some time now.

KPart

KPart merupakan komponen terpisah dari desktop Plasma KDE yang memungkinkan aplikasi berbagi layanan dengan aplikasi lainnya. Kparts mengizinkan KMail dan KOrganizer untuk mengintegrasikan (sebagai plugin) ke dalam suite Kontact, atau KHTML untuk menampilkan situs di Akregator.

Kross

Kross merupakan kerangka kerja (framework) scripting, yang mendukung beberapa bahasa scripting. Kross merupakan sistem plugin yang memungkinkan adanya dukungan bahasa lebih lanjut di masa mendatang.

KRunner

The mini-command-line that is accessed from the Classic menu, the keyboard shortcut Alt+F2, or a right-click on the desktop.

More Information:

KWin

KWin is the window manager of KDE. This is where window decorations can be changed and themes applied.

More Information:

Pager

Pager merupakan program kecil atau aplet panel yang menunjukkan posisi jendela pada desktop Anda dan biasanya, jika Anda memiliki Desktop Virtual, program ini dapat memberikan semua gambaran.

Panel

See Kicker. In KDE Plasma the name "kicker" is dropped, and the name "panel" is the norm. "Applets"; are largely replaced by Widgets

More Information:

Phonon

A cross-platform multimedia API, interfacing with existing frameworks, such as gstreamer and xine engines.

More Information:

Plasma

Plasma is the desktop environment from KDE. It is the part of the desktop that you can see. Plasma also acts as a glue between panels, plasmoids and Kickoff. Plasma Mobile allows Plasma to run on smartphones and uses the same underlying code base.

More Information:

Qt

(Pronounced "cute") A framework/toolkit for writing cross-platform applications. It is used by many cross-platform applications such as Krita, GoogleEarth and many others. Qt forms the underlying library KDE software is built on.

More Information:

Solid

Solid menyediakan API tunggal untuk manajemen (pengelolaan) perangkat keras. Perangkat keras dikelompokkan ke dalam beberapa "ranah" ("domain"). Ranah awal berhubungan dengan HAL, NetworkManager, dan stack Bluetooth. Sejak backed untuk Solid mudah dipasang-lepas (pluggable), Solid membantu pengembang aplikasi menulis sedikit kode, dan dalam platform terpisah.

More Information:

System Settings

The system settings are the unified place where you can change and customize many aspects of the Plasma desktop and KWin such as icon themes, desktop effects and shortcuts.

More Information:

Threadweaver

Pustaka pemrograman thread ini menyebar dan bekerja di antara prosesor multiple-core yang tersedia, memprioritaskannya sebelum mengantrikannya untuk eksekusi. ThreadWeaver menyediakan antarmuka pekerjaan tingkat tinggi untuk pemrograman multithread.sebelum mengantrikannya untuk eksekusi. ThreadWeaver menyediakan antarmuka pekerjaan tingkat tinggi untuk pemrograman multithread.

More Information:

Desktop Virtual

Sebuah konsep populer window manager berbasis Unix merupakan salah satu dari desktop virtual. Hal ini berarti Anda bukan hanya memiliki satu layar yang dapat menempatkan beberapa jendela (window), melainkan pula beberapa layar sekaligus. Ketika Anda beralih ke desktop yang berbeda (biasanya dengan pager), Anda hanya akan melihat jendela yang Anda mulai pada desktop Anda yang baru atau pindahkan ke sana. Sebuah jendela juga dapat ditempelkan ("sticky") yang berarti jendela tersebut tampak pada semua desktop virtual.

WebKit

HTML rendering engine, originating from a fork of KHTML. Adopted by Apple and developed for Safari.

More Information:

Widget

Kamus bahasa Inggris Collins: "Setiap mekanisme kecil atau nama perangkat yang tidak diketahui atau diabaikan sementara." Istilah dalam perangkat lunak KDE, widget merupakan komponen tunggal pada canvas. Istilah analogi lainnya disebut applet atau gadget. Tema Superkaramba, dasbor Apple, gadgets Google, widget Yahoo!, widget bilah batang (sidebar) Vista, dan widget (peramban web) Opera, merupakan contoh dari sistem widget yang lain (beberapa di antaranya didukung pula oleh Plasma).

X Server

The X Server represents a basic layer upon which the various GUIs like the KDE Plasma desktop are built. It manages the basic mouse and keyboard input (from the local host as well as from remote hosts) and provides elementary graphic routines to draw rectangles and other primitives.

XMLGUI

Sebuah kerangka kerja programer untuk mendesain antarmuka pengguna. Secara ekstensif, digunakan oleh KParts.

More Information:



This page was last edited on 29 June 2019, at 14:50. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.