Difference between revisions of "Glossary/ru"

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<span id="KIO"></span>
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:''KDE фреймворк ввода/вывода'' поддерживающий единый интерфейс для работы с файлами, в не зависимости от того, локальные они или хранятся на удалённом сервереКроме того , ''KIO Slaves'' обеспечивает поддержку отдельных протоколовНекоторые частично полезные из них это ''http'', ''ftp'', ''sftp'', ''smb'', ''nfs'', ''ssh (fish)'', ''man'', ''tar'' и ''zip''.   
:''KDE Input/Output framework'' provides a single ''API'' for operating on files, whether local or on a remote serverAdditionally, ''KIO Slaves'' provide support for individual protocolsSome particularly useful ones are ''http'', ''ftp'', ''sftp'', ''smb'', ''nfs'', ''ssh (fish)'', ''man'', ''tar'', ''google drive'', and ''zip''.   
''More info'':
''More info'':

Revision as of 06:00, 7 November 2018

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This page sets out to provide a non-technical reference, together with links for further information or demonstration. See also Jargon File.


Комнаты представляют собой наборы виджетов Plasma с их собственными обоями рабочего стола. Немного похоже на виртуальные рабочие столы, но не совсем.
Например у вас есть "рабочая комната" с подписками на RSS-каналы, заметкой с вашими задачами, с открытой "Папкой" с файлами, имеющими отношение к вашей работе и с замысловатыми обоями рабочего стола.
Рядом с ней у вас есть "комната отдыха", с миниатюрами семейных фотографий родственников и собачек, RSS-каналы ваших любимых блогов, папка с коллекцией фильмов, твиттер-апплет и конечно же обои рабочего стола с постером группы "Iron Maiden", которую вы любите еще с 80-х годов.
Ровно в 17:00 вы переключаетесь с "рабочей комнаты" на "комнату отдыха".

More info:

Creating Activities


The data storage access mechanism for all PIM (Personal Information Manager) data in KDE. This allows various applications to access the required information in one place. Note that use of Akonadi does not change data storage formats (vcard, iCalendar, mbox, maildir etc.) - it just provides a new way of accessing and updating the data.
Главные причины создания и разработки Akonadi носят технический характер, например, иметь единообразный способ доступа к личным данным (контактам, календарю, электронной почте и т.п.) из разных приложений (в том числе kmail, kword, ...), приводящее к избавлению от написания дублирующегося кода в разных местах.
Другое преимущество — отделить приложения с графическим пользовательским интерфейсом, такие как kmail, от прямого доступа к внешним ресурсам, таким как почтовые сервера, что позволяет улучшить производительность и отзывчивость приложений, которых многие так ждали, сообщая о своих пожеланиях в системе отслеживания ошибок KDE.
Дополнительная информация:
Akonadi для KDE PIM
Википедия: Akonadi
Techbase: Akonadi (англ.)


Baloo is a file indexing and search service that Dolphin and Elisa use to get metadata for files and to allow global searches. In a terminal type, balooctl check to find out whether an index was created already. balooctl disable and balooctl status are helpful instructions as well.

More info:



A Containment is a top level grouping of widgets. Each Containment manages the layout and configuration data of its set of widgets independently from other Containments.
The end result is that you can group widgets within a Containment according to the significance to your working pattern, rather than by directory grouping.


An inter-service messaging system. D-Bus allows multiple programs to Developed by Red Hat®, it was heavily influenced by KDE3's DCOP, which it supersedes.
Дополнительная информация:
FreeDesktop.org: Что такое D-Bus?
Wikipedia: D-Bus


The default file manager in KDE Plasma. It has a side panel (Places), but navigation is mainly by the breadcrumb trail above the main window. It has various advanced features such as split windows and individual views in different windows. Mounting and umounting USB devices can be done in the side-panel. Other directories can be added to the Places panel. A Tree view is also possible.

More info:

Wikipedia - Dolphin (software)
The UserBase File Management Tutorial


Flake is a programming library to be used in KOffice and Calligra. Functionally, it provides Shapes to display content and Tools to manipulate content. Shapes can be zoomed or rotated and can be grouped to work as a single Shape, around which text flow is possible.

More info:

KDE Community Wiki - Flake

Get Hot New Stuff

Get Hot New Stuff (GHNS) открытый стандарт, позволяющий легко загружать и устанавливать различные дополнения для приложений. Реализация GHNS используется в Plasma (например, для получения новых тем оформления), и многими приложениями и виджетами.

More info:

The KDE Store

Домашняя папка

Это место в системе где хранятся все файлы пользователя. Конечно можно записывать свои файлы в других местах, но все приложения настроены, таким образом чтобы предложить эту папку как место, куда записывать файлы. И все просто если в ней хранятся все файлы.
Дополнительная информация:
Wikipedia - Домашняя папка


KHTML is a HTML rendering engine that was the base of WebKit, the engine that powers many browsers still in use today (e.g. Safari).


Kirigami is a set of components allowing developers to create applications that looks good and works well on mobile platforms as well as on the desktop.

More info:

Kirigami on kde.org


Kickoff is a launch menu in KDE Plasma in which apps are sorted by functional groups. Right-click also offers the possibility of adding applications to the desktop or panel. Rapid access to a less-used application is made possible with the search box. There are also alternatives, such as the fullscreen app dashboard.

More info:

Design documentation


JavaScript движок для платформы KDE.


KInfoCenter originated as part of KControl standing alone from KDE 3.1. It can display data about your system such as energy usage, hardware info and many more.

More Info:

Wikipedia - KInfoCenter


KDE Input/Output framework provides a single API for operating on files, whether local or on a remote server. Additionally, KIO Slaves provide support for individual protocols. Some particularly useful ones are http, ftp, sftp, smb, nfs, ssh (fish), man, tar, google drive, and zip.

More info:

A tutorial on file transfers
Wikipedia - KIO
Linux.com - Master the KIO slaves


Kiosk is a framework for restricting user capabilities on a KDE platform system, ideal for use in locked-down environments such as Internet cafés. It has been unmaintained for quite some time now.


A KPart is an individual component of the KDE Plasma desktop and allows applications to share their services with other applications. KParts allow KMail and KOrganizer to integrate (as plugins) into the Kontact suite, or KHTML to display sites in Akregator.


Kross это скриптовый фреймворк, добавляющий поддержку множества скриптовых языков. Система плагинов обеспечивает поддержку дополнительных языков в будущем.


The mini-command-line that is accessed from the Classic menu, the keyboard shortcut Alt+F2, or a right-click on the desktop.

More info:

KRunner wiki


KWin is the window manager of KDE. This is where window decorations can be changed and themes applied.

More info:



A pager is a small program or panel applet which shows the position of windows on your desktop and usually, if you have several Virtual Desktops, gives an overview over all.


See Kicker. In KDE Plasma the name "kicker" is dropped, and the name "panel" is the norm. "Applets"; are largely replaced by Widgets

More info:



A cross-platform multimedia API, interfacing with existing frameworks, such as gstreamer and xine engines.

More info:

Wikipedia - Phonon (KDE)
Phonon website


Plasma is the desktop environment from KDE. It is the part of the desktop that you can see. Plasma also acts as a glue between panels, plasmoids and Kickoff. Plasma Mobile allows Plasma to run on smartphones and uses the same underlying code base.

More info:

Wikipedia - Plasma (KDE)
Plasma website
The Plasma main page
The Plasma FAQ's


(Pronounced "cute") A framework/toolkit for writing cross-platform applications. It is used by many cross-platform applications such as Krita, GoogleEarth and many others. Qt forms the underlying library KDE software is built on.

More info:

The Qt Toolkit


Solid provides a single API for hardware management. Hardware is grouped into "domains". The initial domains relate to HAL, NetworkManager and the Bluetooth stack. Since the backends for Solid are pluggable, Solid helps application developers write less code, and have it platform independent.

More info:

Discover Solid

System Settings

The system settings are the unified place where you can change and customize many aspects of the Plasma desktop and KWin such as icon themes, desktop effects and shortcuts.

More info:

System Settings


This thread programming library spreads work among multiple-core processors where available, prioritising them before queueing them for execution. ThreadWeaver provides a high-level job interface for multithreaded programming.

More info:

Why Multithreading? (Technical article)

Virtual Desktops

A popular concept of Unix based window managers is the one of virtual desktops. This means you have not only one screen where you can place your windows on but several. When you switch to a different desktop (usually with a pager) you will only see the windows which you started on your new desktop or moved to it. A window can also be made "sticky" which means it appears on all virtual desktops.


HTML rendering engine, originating from a fork of KHTML. Adopted by Apple and developed for Safari.

More info:

The Webkit home page
Wikipedia - Webkit


Collins English Dictionary: "Any small mechanism or device the name of which is unknown or temporarily forgotten." In KDE software terms, a widget is a single component on the canvas. Other common names that are analogous are "applet" or "gadget". Superkaramba Themes, Apple's Dashboard, Google Gadgets, Yahoo Widgets, Vista Sidebar Widgets, Opera Widgets are all examples of other widget systems (some of which are supported by Plasma as well).

X Server

The X Server represents a basic layer upon which the various GUIs like the KDE Plasma desktop are built. It manages the basic mouse and keyboard input (from the local host as well as from remote hosts) and provides elementary graphic routines to draw rectangles and other primitives.


A programmers' framework for designing the user interface. It is extensively used by KParts

More info:

Wikipedia - XMLGUI
Wikipedia - Qt Style Sheets

This page was last edited on 7 November 2018, at 06:00. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.