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Різноманітні корисні ресурси

Нижче наведено посилання на інші сторінки інтернету та ресурси, які пов'язано із розробкоюю KBibTeX.

Отримання початкового коду програми

KBibTeX's sources are available through KDE's Git infrastructure, the repository's name is kbibtex. How to clone a Git repository is explained in the Git Recipes in TechBase. In short, run the following command in your terminal:

git clone git://anongit.kde.org/kbibtex

Переглянути код KBibTeX можна за допомогою сервера git KDE.


Main development happens in the master branch (named master). It is an objective that this branch is functional and mostly stable, although it is not guaranteed. Use this branch to enjoy new features.

For releases, release branches are created. The naming scheme is kbibtex/versionnumber, where versionnumber may be something like 0.6. Actual releases are tagged commits ('tags') within such a branch, for example v0.5.1. There won't be branches for bug fix releases, e.g. no kbibtex/0.6.1.

For bugs or features that require multiple commits and where individual commits may break master or a release branch, so-called feature branches are used. These branches are supposed to track master (typical for features) or a release branch (typical for bugs). Branches for bugs are meant to be merged into the release branch where the bug was reported for as well as into the master branch (for future releases). Feature branches are merged into the master branch, in selected cases into releases branches where no release has been tagged yet, and only in rare cases back-ported to release branches with published releases. An example for a feature branch would be feature/zotero, which may contain the code for an improved Zotero support. Names for bug report-related branches are bugs/bugsystemnumber (for example bugs/kde338375) , where bugsystem would be kde or the name of a Linux distribution and number the actual bug number. Feature branches start with feature/ followed by a short descriptive name for this feature (all lowercase, no spaces). Merged branches will be delete after some time.

Збирання з коду

The following instructions provide information how to compile KBibTeX on the command line. Instructions are similar but differ slightly between KDE4-based builds (e.g. branch kbibtex/0.5) and KDE Frameworks 5-based builds (e.g. branch master). When compiling KBibTeX from inside of an IDE like KDevelop or Qt Creator, those settings have to be applied as well.

Запуск CMake

Збирання KBibTeX налаштовується за допомогою CMake. Для збирання проекту передбачено декілька параметрів:

  1. CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH визначає місце, де зберігатиметься зібрана програма. Існує декілька варіантів значень для цього параметра:
    1. The location of your KDE installation, for example /usr. The commands kde4-config --prefix (compiling for KDE4) or kf5-config --prefix (compiling for KDE Frameworks 5) print this location. Requires root permissions (e. g. via sudo). Caution: This choice will interfere with the package management.
    2. A directory outside the package management's control, for example /usr/local. Requires setting some environment variables as explained below. This installation stays available across reboots and is available to all users. Requires root permissions (e. g. via sudo).
    3. A user-writable directory like /tmp/usr or ~/usr. Similar to above choice, it requires setting some environment variables, but no root permissions. Many distributions are configured to clean /tmp on reboot.
  2. CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE determines the amount of debug information included in the final code. Regular users may set it to release, developers to debug, and for step-by-step debugging debugfull works best. All available options are discussed in the CMake documentation in TechBase.

Приклад команди повністю:

cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH=/tmp/usr -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=debug ../kbibtex


GNU Make is the default choice for source code compilation. The number of parallel processes should be specified to shorten the time to finish on multi-core systems. The priority of the compilation tasks may get reduced.

nice -n 16 make -j$(nproc)

To make use of of ninja, the cmake statement above has to include the argument -GNinja. Combining both cmake and ninja may look like this:

cmake -GNinja -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH=/tmp/usr -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=debug ../kbibtex && ninja


У KBibTeX використано технологію KDE KParts, для реалізації якої вам доведеться встановити деякі бібліотеки. Ви не зможете належним чином користуватися KBibTeX, якщо не виконаєте настанови щодо наступних кроків.


make install

встановить KBibTeX до каталогу, який було вказано як префікс встановлення раніше.

Якщо як префікс встановлення не було вказано каталог, куди встановлено інші пакунки KDE, слід визначити такі змінні середовища:

  1. Only for KDE4: Set variable KDEDIRS to include the KDE installation directory and KBibTeX's installation directory, for example /usr:/tmp/usr
  2. Only for KF5: Set variable QT_PLUGIN_PATH to include the plugin directory inside the library directory of KBibTeX's installation directory, for example /usr/lib/plugins:/usr/lib/qt5/plugins:/tmp/usr/lib64/plugins/
  3. Set variable LD_LIBRARY_PATH to the library directory inside KBibTeX's installation directory, for example /tmp/usr/lib64
  4. Set variable XDG_DATA_DIRS to include the shared data directories of the KDE installation directory, KBibTeX's installation directory, and other relevant prefixes, for example /usr/share:/usr/local/share:/tmp/usr/share

Run kbuildsycoca4 (KDE4) or kbuildsycoca5 (KDE Frameworks 5) to make the KDE subsystem aware of the new libraries.

Now KBibTeX can be started, like shown in this example:


Настанови з роботи у git

A number of pages in TechBase, UserBase, and Community discuss using Git for source code management. This section shows some examples how Git is used for KBibTeX.

Створення гілки для роботи над можливістю чи усування вади

In below example, replace xxxx with a short and concise name for a feature to be developed (as discussed above). Branches for bugs are created similarly, but follow the scheme bugs/kdeNNNN, where NNNN is the bug number in KDE's bug tracker. Bugs in other bug trackers such as Gna! or your distribution may use a different prefix such as bugs/gnaNNNN or bugs/gentooNNNN.

git branch --track feature/xxxx origin/master && git checkout feature/xxxx

Запис локальної гілки можливості чи вади

To minimize polluting the official KBibTeX repository or when you do not have write access, you may push your local branches to another Git repository to allow others to inspect your changes. In below example, personalpublicclone is your personal, public Git repository where you want to push to.

Для оприлюднення внесених вами змін скористайтеся такою командою:

git push personalpublicclone feature/xxxx:feature/xxxx

Others can add your repository to their local clone of KBibTeX's git and clone your branch (assuming in this example it is located on KDE's Git server):

git remote add someonespublicclone git@git.kde.org:clones/kbibtex/NAME/kbibtex # run once
git fetch someonespublicclone feature/xxxx && git checkout feature/xxxx # every time to get updates
git remote rm someonespublicclone && git checkout master && git branch -D feature/xxxx # to erase branch

Створення гілок і міток випусків

Для створення гілки випуску з master і надсилання її до origin віддайте такі команди:

git checkout -b kbibtex/0.6 master && git push origin kbibtex/0.6

Для створення випуску у гілці випуску віддайте такі команди:

git checkout kbibtex/0.6 # be in right branch
git pull --ff-only # get latest changes from origin
git status # just check that everything is ok
git tag -s -u GPGKEY -m "Tagging 0.6" v0.6 # actual tagging, GnuPG signed
git push --tags # explicitly push tag to origin

Створення випуску

This section describes how to create releases based on KDE4 (kdelibs4). It will not work for KDE Frameworks 5.

To create a release, use the Ruby scripts from the git.kde.org:releaseme.git repository. KBibTeX's package generation is configured through files kbibtex.rb and kbibtexrc. Configure those files or invoke kbibtex.rb with the correct arguments, such as:

./kbibtex.rb --src=file:///${HOME}/git/kbibtex --version=0.6.0 --no-doc --no-l10n

Отримання файлів перекладу інтерфейсу і документації є найдовшим етапом у цьому процесі.

Криптографічні хеші можна створити і записати ось так:

sha512sum kbibtex-0.6.0.tar.xz >kbibtex-0.6.0.tar.xz.sha512
gpg --default-key GPGKEY --output kbibtex-0.6.0.tar.xz.sha512.asc --detach-sign --armor kbibtex-0.6.0.tar.xz.sha512
gpg --default-key GPGKEY --output kbibtex-0.6.0.tar.xz.asc --detach-sign --armor kbibtex-0.6.0.tar.xz

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