Size policies for widgets
Instead of setting a fixed size for your widgets, in Kexi you can choose between various widget's size policies. A size policy is a flexible strategy for controlling how a widget is stretched (or shrunk) depending on other neighbouring widgets and space available within the form.
After putting widgets into a layout, typically each widget gets a proportional () size policy. These widgets will be automatically resized with preferred settings, depending on their type and size of the entire layout itself. For example, three buttons put into the horizontal layout will be resized to fit their visible text.
For each widget inserted into the form, there are settings for size policy available in the Property Editor. The settings are presented as a group of properties called Size Policy.
This group of properties contains:
- Horizontal Size Policy
- defining horizontal size of the widget,
- Vertical Size Policy
- defining vertical size of the widget,
- Horizontal Stretch
- defining strength of activity of the Horizontal Size Policy,
- Vertical Stretch
- defining strength of activity of the Vertical Size Policy
Values of size policies
The following values are available in the drop down list for Horizontal Size Policy and Vertical Size Policy properties visible in the Property Editor:
- this value means that the widget cannot be automatically resized; it should maintain the constant size defined at design time (width or height),
- this value means that the original size of the widget is set as minimal allowed, it is sufficient and there is no need for expanding the widget, but the widget will be expanded if needed. This type of policy can be used to force the widget to be expanded to the whole width or height, especially if you set a stretch value greater than 0.
- this value means that the original size of the widget is set as maximum allowed and can be decreased without breaking the widget's usability and readability if other widgets need more space,
- this value means that the original size of the widget is the best and preferred; the widget can be shrunk or expanded however and it will stay readable,
- this value means that the original size of the widget is reasonable but the widget can be also shrunk; it can be expanded as well to take as much space as possible,
- Minimum Expanding
- this value means that the original size of the widget is allowed; it can be expanded to take as much space as possible,
- this value means that the original size of the widget is ignored; the widget can be expanded to take as much space as possible but other widgets usually will not allow for that
Different widget types have various default size policies; for example, button widgets have default size policy set to(in both directions), while text field widgets have vertical size policy set to .
The most frequently used size policies are, and .
Vertical and horizontal stretch
The Vertical Stretch and Horizontal Stretch properties accept integer values greater than or equal to 0. These properties allow to fine-tune the behavior of size policies. The default value for the properties is 0. A higher value of the stretch means that the widget will be expanded more than widgets for which a lower stretch value is set.