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== Krita Manual == <!--T:7-->
'''Krita''' Questions? Want to dig deeper? Read the [[Krita/Manual|Krita 2 Manual]] !
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# PS document
# PS document
== Entwurf eines Krita Hanbuchs für Version 2 ==
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'''Krita''' benötigt ein neues Handbuch: Das Handbuch für Version 1.6 ist komplett veraltet. Den aktuellen Stand kannst du unter [[User:Boudewijn/Krita/Manual|Krita 2 Handbuch]] verfolgen und dort neue Inhalte (auf Englisch) beisteuern.
== Getting Krita ==
== Getting Krita ==

Revision as of 08:56, 6 August 2015

Krita 2.4 with right-click quick access ring shown -- painting by Tyson Tan
Krita Logo (as of 2.4)
Krita, the KDE digital painting and drawing application

Designed for digital painting, concept art, comics and texture creation, modeled on existing real painting tools. Feature rich, with an ergonomic and flexible user interface.

Auf der offiziellen Projektseite Krita.org findest du regelmäßig Updates und aktuelle Nachrichten über das Programm.


Krita Manual

Krita Questions? Want to dig deeper? Read the Krita 2 Manual !

Krita ist Teil der Calligra Suite. Es bietet sowohl benutzerfreundliche, interessante Funktionen wie zum Beispiel geführtes Malen (Es war noch nie so einfach, eine gerade Linie zu sprühen!) als auch professionelle Funktionen wie zum Beispiel die Verarbeitung von Bildern mit 16 Bit Farbtiefe, CMYK, L*a*b und andere Farbräume. Sogar das OpenEXR HDR-Grafikformat wird unterstützt.

Krita is an free and cross-platform creativity application for digital painting, image manipulation, concept art, comics and the creation of textures for things like game art or 3D models. It is designed around existing real-world painting materials and artist workflows, but it is also packed with functions digital artists require, like layers, filters, vector-based path drawing, typography tools, and built-in color-management support. Krita is a KDE application based on the Calligra platform.


  • Schwerpunkt auf digitalem Malen von Concept Art, Comics, Matte Paintings und Texturen
  • Unterstützt eine Vielzahl von Farbräumen, darunter RGB, CMYK und L*a*b
  • Öffnen und Speichern von bzw. nach vielen verbreiteten Dateiformaten
  • Große Vielfalt an Mal- und Zeichenwerkzeugen
  • Besitzt Vektor-Ebenen, die formatierten Text und komplexe Vektor-Objekte enthalten können
  • Erweiterbar durch Skripte in OpenShiva, Python und Ruby

  • Schnellzugriff zum Farbkreis, zuletzt benutzten Farben und bevorzugten Pinseln mittels rechter Maustaste

  • Hochgradig modifizierbares Pinselsystem

  • Ebenen mit zahlreichen Anpassungsmöglichkeiten, wie Multiplizieren, Überlagern und Regulation der Deckkraft

  • Vektorebenen mit komplexen Formen und editierbaren Texten

  • Unterstützt automatische Sicherungen (Autosave)

  • Anpassbare Werkzeugleiste, Tastaturkürzel und Drag & Drop Panels

  • Breites Spektrum an unterstützten Dokument Formaten, unter anderem GIMP und Adobe Photoshop

  • Integriertes Farbmanagement, welches Farbraumwandlung von RGB-, CMYK-und L * a * b usw. unterstützt

  • Erweiterbar durch OpenShiva, Python oder Ruby Skripte
  • Cross-platform, unterstützt verschiedene GNU / Linux-Distributionen, FreeBSD, Microsoft Windows und Mac OSX


Krita besitzt eine äußerst flexible und benutzerfreundliche Bedienoberfläche, die dem Anwender zahlreiche Optionen zur Anpassung von Werkzeugleisten, Tastaturkürzeln und speziellen Werkzeugen ermöglicht. Andockbare Dialoge und Werkzeugfenster lassen sich leicht mittels Drag & Drop in Panele verschieben und über Tabs sortieren. Über die rechte Maustaste wird ein Kreismenü geöffnet, das einen schellen und bequemen Zugriff auf die bevorzugten Pinsel, den Farbkreis und den Farbverlauf ermöglicht. Angepasste Arbeitsflächen lassen sich einzeln speichern und je nach Bedarf abrufen.


Krita allows users to easily right-click and customize its toolbars. There are two toolbars in Krita: "Files" toolbar and "Brushes and Stuff" toolbar. You may add or remove whatever functions of the toolbars, change text position, icon size and ordering. Texts on the button can be changed or even overlapped by assigning any desirable icons to them (with KDE plasma workspace installed). While customizing toolbars, the function list is searchable.


A powerful feature in Krita is the ability to assign/reassign keyboard shortcuts. The user is encouraged to assign both a main shortcut and an alternative shortcut to a single command. While customizing shortcuts, the command list is searchable and the users is notified of any conflicting commands.

Krita lets you set up shortcuts that both speed your own workflow, emulate another software package or, perhaps, both.


Dockers are movable panels that each contain a specific set of tools. They are moved around the screen using familiar drag-and-drop gestures and can be placed either floating directly on the canvas or docked in one of the multiple docking areas. Dockers may be sized horizontally and vertically. Multiple dockers can be grouped in a shared space and switched between them by clicked on their tabs. By right-clicking on the title area of any panels you can easily add or remove panels from a complete list. A docker can also be collapsed to save space by clicking on it's down arrow in the upper left corner.


There are two kinds of palettes in Krita: the ordinary palette for color presets (Color Preset Docker), and the not-so-ordinary Artist Palette pop-up used for quick access to color selector, color history and favorite brushes. This quick access palette can be called up by right-clicking anywhere on the canvas, which liberates the artist from interruption in switching among colors and tools, thus providing a more immersive user experience. Favorite brushes can be added to the palette by clicking on the toolbar button Save to Palette, as well as selecting from any number of tag-based group of brush sets.

Brush System

Krita has a powerful and highly customizable brush system modeled on various existing real-world drawing tools. In brush settings different genres of tools are grouped separately, each of them has tens of specified options which allow artists to adjust them thoroughly. On the right-side of the brush setting window is a sketchpad where you may test the current brush settings. The background color and sketchpad gradient can be altered by clicking the icons beneath it.

While using the brush tool ("Paint with brushes" in toolbox), you may change brush size by holding Shift and drag brush-tip horizontally on the canvas. By holding Ctrl you temporarily switch to color-picker. By holding middle-mouse button you can move canvas. Right-click for quick palette. Quick sliders of Opacity, Flow and Size can be found on Krita's brush toolbar, while only two can be shown at the same time, you may click the plus button on the right to switch between different sliders.

Stable Brushes

  1. Pixel (Normal) brushes
  2. Smudge brushes
  3. Duplicate brushes
  4. Filter brushes
  5. Hairy brushes
  6. Hatching brushes

Experimental Brushes

  1. Chalk brushes
  2. Color Smudge brushes
  3. Curve brushes
  4. Deform brushes
  5. Dyna (Dynamic) brushes
  6. Experiment brushes
  7. Grid brushes
  8. Particle brushes
  9. Sketch brushes
  10. Spray brushes

Supported File Formats

The following file formats can be opened directly by Krita. However, you can only save directly to native supported formats. Use export to save files in formats which are not natively supported. Depending on your operating system and building environment, some file formats may not be supported.

Native Load and Save

  1. Krita document (.kra)
  2. OpenRaster Archiving image (.ora)
  3. PPM image
  4. PGM image
  5. PBM image
  6. PNG image
  7. JPEG image
  8. Windows BMP image
  9. XPM image
  10. XBM image
  11. TIFF image
  12. EXR image

Import and Export

  1. Open Document Drawing
  2. Photoshop image (.psd)
  3. GIMP image (.xcr)
  4. PDF document
  5. GIF image
  6. Nikon NEF raw image
  7. Canon CR2 raw image
  8. Sony SR2 raw image
  9. Canon CRW raw image
  10. Pentax PEF raw image
  11. Sigma X3F raw image
  12. Kodak KDC raw image
  13. Minolta MRW raw image
  14. Sony ARW raw image
  15. Kodak K25 raw image
  16. Kodak DCR raw image
  17. Olympus ORF raw image
  18. Panasonic raw image
  19. Panasonic raw2 image
  20. Fuji RAF raw image
  21. Sony SRF raw image
  22. Adobe DNG negative
  23. SVG image
  24. compressed SVG image
  25. WMF image
  26. Wordperfect / Drawperfect image
  27. Karbon14 drawing
  28. EPS
  29. PS document

Getting Krita

Krita can be downloaded as a part of Calligra Suite.

Weitere Informationen

Hinweise, Tipps und Anleitungen

Tutorials on UserBase

Comics with Krita DVD Tutorial

Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.