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KRunner es el llançador construit dins de l'escriptori Plasma. Si bé la seva funció bàsica és llançar programes des d'una mini-línia d'ordes, la seva funcionalitat es pot ampliar mitjançant «executors» per ajudar l'usuari a realitzar una gran quantitat de tasques.

KRunner.png

Característiques

Aquesta lamentablement incompleta llista intenta presentar alguns exemples bàsics d'ús de KRunner. Descobriu més informació fent clic a la icona «?» al KRunner.

Iniciar i aturar aplicacions

Podeu llançar els programes simplement escrivint el nom de l'aplicació que voleu executar. Cal escriure com a mínim tres caràcters per iniciar la cerca de coincidències. Aquestes coincidències trobaran les aplicacions en el menú d'aplicacions.

Exemples:

Entrada Sortida
gwe (inicia Gwenview)

També podeu utilitzar KRunner per matar les aplicacions. Escriviu la paraula clau kill seguida d'un nom de procés i KRunner oferirà opcions per tancar l'aplicació (SIGTERM) o per forçar la seva sortida (SIGKILL). KRunner coincidirà parcialment amb noms de procés (almenys tres caràcters) pels processos en execució.

Recordeu que la paraula clau kill es pot canviar en l'executor «Finalitza aplicacions» per evitar confusions amb l'ordre «kill» la qual accepta identificadors de procés.

Qüestions amb les ordres (shell)

A més de les aplicacions llistades en el menú d'aplicacions, KRunner també es pot utilitzar per executar ordres de shell, incloent el llançament de binaris. Tingueu en compte que en introduir ordres de shell, KRunner no acceptarà ordres parcials ni oferirà autocompleció.

Executant una ordre com aquesta apareixerà una icona de clau anglesa que ens ofereixerà opcions addicionals. Podreu optar per un terminal i executar l'ordre (això pot ser útil si l'ordre produeix una sortida de text que voleu llegir), o escollir executar el programa com un usuari diferent (proporcionant el nom i la contrasenya d'aquest usuari).

Exemples:

Entrada Sortida
ls ~/Documents llista el contingut de ~/Documents (preferiblement a un terminal)
cp ~/Documents/un_fitxer ~/un_fitxer copia un_fitxer des de ~/Documents a ~/
mplayer una_pel·lícula.mkv reprodueix una_pel·lícula.mkv amb mplayer

Per cert, si la línia d'ordres és el teu, apreciareu la integració amb les pàgines de manual. Simplement escriviu al davant d'un nom d'ordre un caràcter # per obrir la pàgina de manual formatada per facilitar la seva lectura al navegador.

Exemples:

Entrada Sortida
#ls obre el manual per a «ls» en un navegador

Navegar per llocs web

Podeu simplement començar a escriure l'URL d'un lloc web per obrir-lo en el navegador predeterminat. Fins i tot podeu escriure el nom d'una adreça d'interés de Konqueror i KRunner l'obrirà. Si ja heu visitat el lloc web, KRunner també pot obtenir els resultats des de l'historial del navegador.

Exemples:

Entrada Sortida
una_adreça_interés obre l'adreça d'interés al navegador
kde.org obre la pàgina inicial del KDE al navegador
http://userbase.kde.org/ obre Userbase al navegador

KRunner coneix les dreceres web del Konqueror, de manera que podeu començar a usar-les directament.

Exemples:

Entrada Sortida
gg:KDE fa una cerca del terme «KDE» a Google
wp:krunner fa una cerca del terme «krunner» a la Viquipèdia

KRunner també proporciona opcions per descarregar fitxers des del web utilitzant KGet en proporcionar-li el seu URL.

Hi ha executors addicionals per a la cerca ràpida a la Viquipèdia, Wikitravel i KDE Techbase.

Obrir fitxers, carpetes i dispositius

KRunner can also open files and directories on your local machine for you. If you want to browse remote machines, you can do that, too. Notice how KRunner uses kioslaves for ssh (fish:) and samba (smb:).

Examples:

Input Output
file:/home/ opens file:///home/ (the Home directory) in Dolphin
file:myMovie.mkv opens /home/myMovie.mkv
fish:[email protected] opens fish:/[email protected]/ via fish (file over ssh) protocol
smb:myWindowsBox opens smb:/myWindowsBox via Samba

If you don't know the path to a file, simply type the name of the file. If the file is a recently opened document, KRunner will list it for you. If you have the Nepomuk subsystem installed, you can also search your computer for the file by its indexed contents. KRunner will also open folders you've bookmarked in Dolphin (in your Places sidebar) if you type their name in. What's more, if you want to access devices on your system (both mounted and unmounted), you can do that, too. KRunner will even provide device-specific options.

Examples:

Input Output
Home opens the Home directory in Dolphin
myFlashDrive shows options to mount or open the contents of myFlashDrive

Multitasca amb sessions, finestres, escriptoris i activitats

Several KDE applications allow you to save and load sessions. KRunner allows you to launch these sessions. You can either type in the name of the application or directly type in the name of the session. Runners exist for opening sessions saved in Kate,Konqueror,Konsole, etc.

KRunner is a multitasker's dream. If you have too many windows open, just type in the title of the window and switch directly to it. You can similarly type in the name of a virtual desktop and switch directly to it. If you roll with activities, switch activities by typing their name in. KRunner will find a match as soon as you type three characters in.

KRunner will even switch desktop sessions for you. Type in the keyword switch or new session to start a separate X session. You can switch back and forth between sessions by using the switch keyword.

Examples:

Input Output
Desktop 1 switches the virtual desktop to Desktop 1
myWorkActivity switches the activity to myWorkActivity
switch shows options to switch to an existing session or start a new one

Several plasma widgets can be launched as windowed applications. You can simply type the name of a widget and KRunner will launch a window for you.

Parlar amb la gent

Type in the name of a contact in your KAddressBook to get a list of options to contact them. Typing in an email address into KRunner will open a KMail composer window. You can also search through contacts in your Kopete contact list.

The addressbook and kopete runners don't seem to be working in SC 4.8.

Examples:

Input Output
[email protected] compose a mail to the KDE mailing list
myContact show options to contact myContact

Escoltar una mica de música

You can control any modern audio player such as Amarok using krunner. You can use several keywords (all configurable) to play, pause or skip songs. Typing in the name of an artist, album or song that is in Amarok's library will let you either play immediately, play next (queue) or play at the end (append) of the current playlist. You can use keywords to increase or decrease the volume of the player, or even to mute or quit it.

Examples:

Input Output
play song search plays a song immediately
pause pauses Amarok or your designated music player
next plays next song in playlist

Arribar a temps

You can get the current date or time by typing in the keywords date or time. Selecting the result will copy it to your clipboard so you can paste it elsewhere. The format of the date and time respects your system settings.

Examples:

Input Output
date Today's date is ...
time The current time is ...

You can even get the date and time at another location by specifying the time zone or the city listed in the TZ database.

Examples:

Input Output
time UTC The current time in UTC is ...
time oslo The current time in Europe/Oslo is ...
time kolkata The current time in Asia/Kolkata is ...

There is a runner for interfacing with Korganizer and fetching events, but it doesn't seem to be working in SC 4.8.

Calculadora

KRunner features a very versatile calculator that can be called by starting or ending a calculation with an = sign. In addition to basic arithmetic, you can call scientific functions like sqrt(), sin(), log(), etc. A list of the supported functions is here. Note that trigonometric functions like sin(), cos(), etc expect the angle in radians. KRunner understands pi in expressions.

Examples:

Input Output
32*12 = 384
= sqrt(4) + 32*sin(30*pi/180) 18

KRunner can also handle symbolic mathematics and perform integration and differentiation on expressions

Examples:

Input Output
= integrate( -x/y^2, y ) -x/y
diff( log(x) ) = 1/x

You can also use KRunner to solve polynomial functions to find its roots.

Examples:

Input Output
= solve( x^2 + 4*x - 21 = 0 ) [7, -3]

KRunner intelligently handles units as part of the calculations. Try the following examples to see how.

Examples:

Input Output
= 2.5 kg * 10 m/s^2 25 N
220 V / 10 A = 22 ohms

Since KRunner understands most units, you can use it to convert them very quickly. Note that unit conversions don't require an = sign.

Examples:

Input Output
30 F -1.11111 degrees C (°C), 273.039 K, ...
27.8 km 1.09449e+06 inches (in), 17.2742 miles (mi), ...
5 gallons in liters 18.9271 liters (l)

KRunner knows currencies, too. Conversions between currencies is done by fetching the exchange rate from the European Central Bank website.

Examples:

Input Output
1 dollar 0.657002 pounds sterling (GBP), 0.742501 euros (EUR), ...
125 euros 110.606 pounds sterling (GBP), 15,785 yen (JPY), ...
30 JPY in RUB 9.40731 rubles (RUB)

Anar a llocs

If you have bookmarked locations in the Marble (in OpenStreetMap), KRunner can open the map directly.

Correcció ortogràfica i caràcters especials

KRunner can tell you whether your spelling is correct and/or suggest corrections. The default keyword to start the spellchecker is spell and can be configured.

Examples:

Input Output
spell linux Suggested words: Linux, lynx, ...

KRunner can also allow you to pick special characters if you can specify the hexadecimal unicode for the character, preceded by a # sign.

Examples:

Input Output
#03b2 β
#00b1 ±

Gestionar el vostre ordinador

You can directly open system settings control modules from KRunner. Often, if you want to change something, just type associated terms and KRunner will find the control module with the settings you want.

Examples:

Input Output
keyboard opens the Keyboard settings control module
fonts opens the fonts settings control module
password opens the Password & User account control module

KRunner can also be used to adjust the screen brightness by using the keywords "screen brightness". You can specify a percentage or just turn the brightness halfway or fully down. Additionally, keywords exist to suspend, logout, shutdown or restart your machine.

Examples:

Input Output
screen brightness 100 increases screen brightness to 100%
sleep suspends computer to RAM
lock locks the screen

Ús

Obrir KRunner

The easiest way to open KRunner is to trigger its global shortcut (Alt+F2, by default). In some activities (e.g. Desktop), you can simply click on the desktop and start typing. In others (e.g. Search and Launch), KRunner may be built into the activity itself.

You can also right-click on your plasma workspace and select Run Command... or just simply launch it from the commandline by typing krunner.

Usar KRunner

Use Tab or Shift+Tab to navigate up and down results. Use arrow keys to move between options (if any) in a result. Use Enter (or left click) to select a result.

Discover KRunner

Click on the wrench icon to bring up configuration options where you can enable/disable/configure runners that will process your searches. Additional options are available to change the position on the screen where krunner appears. You can even change the style to a task-oriented interface, if you like.

Clicking on the waveform icon will open the System Monitor.

Clicking on the '?' icon opens a scrollable list that explains the syntax of all the available runners. This is a good way to discover new functionality!

Tips, Tricks and FAQs

You can use KRunner in a special "single runner" mode. While in this mode, krunner will only have one active runner to process your searches. This feature isn't supported by all runners, but quite a few already do. Open the global keyboard shortcuts control module directly from krunner and choose the "Run Command Interface" to see what's available. Set a global shortcut for the mode you want and launch krunner in that mode. You can have as many modes as you can find shortcuts for. Face-smile.png

This blog covers some of the advanced usage of the calculator runner.


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