Difference between revisions of "User:Allman"

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== Instal·lació de programari KDE == <!--T:1-->
 
 
<!--T:2-->
 
Per a instal·lar programari KDE us recomanem que empreu els mitjans de la vostra distribució. [http://www.linuxintro.org/wiki/Find_out_your_distribution Here is how you find your distribution's name and version].
 
 
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{{Tip/ca|1=Quan veieu el text preformatat amb fons groc <code>així</code> l'heu de teclejar exactament com apareixi.}}
 
 
</translate><span id="Using Package Managers"></span><translate>
 
 
== Ús del Gestor de Paquets == <!--T:4-->
 
 
=== openSUSE === <!--T:5-->
 
 
<!--T:6-->
 
Trobareu l'eina de gestió de paquets de l'openSUSE a <menuchoice>Ordinador</menuchoice> pestanya del menú inicia. Cliqueu <menuchoice>YaST</menuchoice> i tot seguit <menuchoice>Gestió de programari</menuchoice> que és la icona per a començar el gestor de paquets.
 
 
<!--T:7-->
 
[[Image:Yast-package-management-1.png|center|500px|thumb|Cercant el Kate; libkate1 ja està instal·lat, el kate ha estat assenyalat per a la instal·lació.]]
 
 
<!--T:8-->
 
Utilitzeu el camp de cerca per trobar el paquet que desitgeu instal·lar; podeu cercar pel nom o per la descripció del paquet, i només necessiteu entrar a part del nom. Llavors es presentarà una llista dels paquets que coincideixen amb la vostra cerca. Marqueu les caixes de selecció dels paquets que voleu instal·lar i llavors el clique <menuchoice>Accepta</menuchoice>. Veieu [http://en.opensuse.org/Package_management this page] per a més informació en la gestió de paquets i openSUSE.
 
 
<!--T:9-->
 
Com a alternativa, podeu emprar [[Special:myLanguage/KPackageKit|KPackageKit]] per a instal·lar programari a openSUSE.
 
  
 
=== Ubuntu/Kubuntu === <!--T:10-->
 
=== Ubuntu/Kubuntu === <!--T:10-->

Revision as of 10:47, 6 March 2012

La meva intenció és tradiir de l'anglés al Català--Allman 16:59, 5 March 2012 (UTC)



Ubuntu/Kubuntu

In Kubuntu the default way to install software is using KPackageKit (as of Kubuntu 11.04, this may change in future releases). Most software installation is described in the KPackageKit article. Unless you have been instructed to add additional software sources, you should not need the information below.

The only real difference is in choosing sources for your software. Kubuntu is set up already with most of what you should need, but if you are instructed to add another software source then you need to go to Settings tab to the left side of the KPackageKit window. If the software source is not already listed (see screenshot below) then you can click on Edit origins towards the bottom of the window.

Browsing software sources in KPackageKit. If you want to add another one, click on "Edit origins" button.

You will be prompted for your user account password and then see a window like this:

Software sources settings — you normally do not need to change anything here, but rather should go to the second tab "Other software".

You normally do not need to change these settings. The software sources can be added by going to the Other software tab, where you can click on the add button and type (or copy and paste) the software source address in the dialog that opens:

After clicking on the "Add" button, you can type in the location of the software source directly.

Fedora

yumex will start the graphical package manager. When you start it, the first thing it will do is check to see whether you need any updates. Usually it is best to accept all the updates. If you click on Groups above the file list you will see it re-ordered, showing how a group of packages can be installed by a single click. Look for the cursor in the left panel, touching the arrow:


PackageManager.png

Clicking on the arrow-head rotates it,listing the package options for that group. This is where you can install the base KDE if it wasn't installed originally.

Mageia and Mandriva

KDE is the default desktop in Mageia and Mandriva. You can install KDE software using Mageia/Mandriva Control Center (mcc). Just use Favorites -> Mageia/Mandriva Control Center then go to Software Management -> Install & Remove Software page and choose Graphical desktop -> KDE. Standalone graphical installer can be launched from KRunner, just enter drakrpm into the input box.

Installing Kdenlive from Mageia Control Center.

Other distros

Other distros will offer a package manager. You will need to find it from your menu, but once found, one of these descriptions above should have something similar to yours. If in doubt, ask on IRC and someone will help you. If you've never used IRC, here is a guide to starting to chat with other users.

From the command line

If you find that using a package manager is unbearably slow, you will want to use command-line installation. This is much faster, but the disadvantage is that you need to know the exact name of the package you want to install. Each system has helpful commands for searching, for instance, so try using the first word of install command below, with --help appended. As an example, yum --help will list the commands you can use for Fedora, but they are many and can be confusing at first.

openSUSE

With openSUSE you install software using zypper for example to install KWrite you will open a console and enter zypper in kwrite. In older installations of openSUSE, yast was used like this: yast -i kwrite. You can still use yast if you prefer.

Ubuntu

With Ubuntu Linux you install software using apt-get. For example to install KWrite you will open a console and enter sudo apt-get install kwrite

Fedora

Fedora uses yum so to install KWrite you would open a console and type yum install kwrite If you are unsure of the name of a package, you can use yum list with wildcards to see all the packages with a word as part of the package name — for example yum list *network* will list all available packages with "network" as part of the name. Casting even wider, yum search mpeg will list all packages that either have mpeg in the name or in the description of the package.

Mageia and Mandriva

You can use urpmi to install KDE software from a command line. Other useful commands can be found at Wikipedia's Urpmi page


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