Difference between revisions of "Kdenlive/Manual/Transitions/Composite"

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== Composite Transition ==
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== Composite Transition == <!--T:1-->
  
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The composite transition combines the video data from 2 video tracks into one. This transition is used in combination with Alpha Channel information supplied by one of the [[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Alpha_manipulation#General_Information_about_Alpha_Manipulation|Alpha Manipulation Effects]] or by the use of a [[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Transitions/Composite#Tutorial_3_-_Video_Masks| Wipe File]]. This Alpha Channel data describes how the two video track data should be combined. Until you define some alpha channel data using an [[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Alpha_manipulation#General_Information_about_Alpha_Manipulation|Alpha Manipulation Effect]] or a Wipe File, changes in the Composite transition settings will have no visible effect.
 
The composite transition combines the video data from 2 video tracks into one. This transition is used in combination with Alpha Channel information supplied by one of the [[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Alpha_manipulation#General_Information_about_Alpha_Manipulation|Alpha Manipulation Effects]] or by the use of a [[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Transitions/Composite#Tutorial_3_-_Video_Masks| Wipe File]]. This Alpha Channel data describes how the two video track data should be combined. Until you define some alpha channel data using an [[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Alpha_manipulation#General_Information_about_Alpha_Manipulation|Alpha Manipulation Effect]] or a Wipe File, changes in the Composite transition settings will have no visible effect.
  
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<!--T:3-->
 
[[File:Composite transition showing alpha channel operation options.png|400px|left]]
 
[[File:Composite transition showing alpha channel operation options.png|400px|left]]
  
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<!--T:4-->
 
Alpha operation options are ''Over'', ''And'', ''Or'' and ''Xor''  
 
Alpha operation options are ''Over'', ''And'', ''Or'' and ''Xor''  
 
<br style="clear: both;"/>
 
<br style="clear: both;"/>
  
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<!--T:5-->
 
[[File:Over alpha operation.png|300px|left]]
 
[[File:Over alpha operation.png|300px|left]]
 
''Over'' Operation produces this (after you deal with the messed up preview - see  [[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Transitions/Composite&action=submit#Hint_for_previewing_the_alpha_manipulation_effects| hint]] below)
 
''Over'' Operation produces this (after you deal with the messed up preview - see  [[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Transitions/Composite&action=submit#Hint_for_previewing_the_alpha_manipulation_effects| hint]] below)
 
<br style="clear: both;"/>
 
<br style="clear: both;"/>
  
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<!--T:6-->
 
[[File:Xor alpha operation.png|300px|left]]
 
[[File:Xor alpha operation.png|300px|left]]
  
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<!--T:7-->
 
''Xor'' Operation produces this (after you deal with the messed up preview - see  [[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Transitions/Composite&action=submit#Hint_for_previewing_the_alpha_manipulation_effects| hint]] below)
 
''Xor'' Operation produces this (after you deal with the messed up preview - see  [[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Transitions/Composite&action=submit#Hint_for_previewing_the_alpha_manipulation_effects| hint]] below)
 
<br style="clear: both;"/><br />
 
<br style="clear: both;"/><br />
  
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<!--T:8-->
 
I am not sure I understand what the ''And'' and ''Or'' Alpha operations do.
 
I am not sure I understand what the ''And'' and ''Or'' Alpha operations do.
  
=== Hint for previewing the alpha manipulation effects ===
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=== Hint for previewing the alpha manipulation effects === <!--T:9-->
  
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<!--T:10-->
 
The preview in Project monitor goes all strange when you select the composite transition in the time line or the video 1 in the time line.
 
The preview in Project monitor goes all strange when you select the composite transition in the time line or the video 1 in the time line.
  
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<!--T:11-->
 
[[File:Weird preview look.png|400px|left]]
 
[[File:Weird preview look.png|400px|left]]
  
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<!--T:12-->
 
What the project monitor looks like when you have just selected the composite transition in the time line. This is not what the rendered video will look like.
 
What the project monitor looks like when you have just selected the composite transition in the time line. This is not what the rendered video will look like.
  
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<!--T:13-->
 
To get a look at what the video will render as you need to click Video 1 and then Video 2 in the timline.
 
To get a look at what the video will render as you need to click Video 1 and then Video 2 in the timline.
 
<br style="clear: both;"/>
 
<br style="clear: both;"/>
  
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<!--T:14-->
 
[[File:Two tracks composite transition with alpha info.png|400px|left]]
 
[[File:Two tracks composite transition with alpha info.png|400px|left]]
  
  What the preview looks like once you select Video 2 in the timeline. This is what the rendered file will look like
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  <!--T:15-->
 +
What the preview looks like once you select Video 2 in the timeline. This is what the rendered file will look like
 
<br style="clear: both;"/>
 
<br style="clear: both;"/>
 
<br />
 
<br />
  
=== Tutorial 1 ===
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=== Tutorial 1 === <!--T:16-->
  
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<!--T:17-->
 
See this [[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Alpha_manipulation/Blue_Screen#Tutorial_2|tutorial]] that describes how to use  
 
See this [[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Alpha_manipulation/Blue_Screen#Tutorial_2|tutorial]] that describes how to use  
  
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<!--T:18-->
 
* Alpha Manipution>[[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Alpha_manipulation/Blue_Screen|Blue Screen]]
 
* Alpha Manipution>[[Special:myLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Alpha_manipulation/Blue_Screen|Blue Screen]]
  
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<!--T:19-->
 
* [[Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Alpha_manipulation/Rotoscoping|rotoscoping]]
 
* [[Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Alpha_manipulation/Rotoscoping|rotoscoping]]
  
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<!--T:20-->
 
* Composite Transition.  
 
* Composite Transition.  
  
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<!--T:21-->
 
* <menuchoice>Crop and Transform -> [[Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Crop_and_transform/Pan_and_Zoom|Pan and Zoom effect]]</menuchoice>
 
* <menuchoice>Crop and Transform -> [[Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Crop_and_transform/Pan_and_Zoom|Pan and Zoom effect]]</menuchoice>
  
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<!--T:22-->
 
* <menuchoice>Enhancement -> [[Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Enhancement/Sharpen|Sharpen Effect]]</menuchoice>
 
* <menuchoice>Enhancement -> [[Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Enhancement/Sharpen|Sharpen Effect]]</menuchoice>
  
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<!--T:23-->
 
* Alpha Manipution>[[Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Alpha_manipulation/Alpha_operations|Alpha Operations]]
 
* Alpha Manipution>[[Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Alpha_manipulation/Alpha_operations|Alpha Operations]]
  
=== Tutorial 2 - composite transition and Blue Screen ===
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=== Tutorial 2 - composite transition and Blue Screen === <!--T:24-->
  
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<!--T:25-->
 
Tutorial  showing how to use the "Blue screen" function, composite transition and [[Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects#Using_Keyframes_in_effects|Keyframes]] to animate one image moving over another in the '''Kdenlive''' video editor
 
Tutorial  showing how to use the "Blue screen" function, composite transition and [[Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects#Using_Keyframes_in_effects|Keyframes]] to animate one image moving over another in the '''Kdenlive''' video editor
  
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<!--T:26-->
 
{{#ev:youtube|M8hC5FbIzdE}}
 
{{#ev:youtube|M8hC5FbIzdE}}
  
  
=== Tutorial 3 - Video Masks ===
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=== Tutorial 3 - Video Masks === <!--T:27-->
  
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<!--T:28-->
 
This tutorial uses the composite transition and a custom video mask (A.K.A. a Wipe File or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matte_%28filmmaking%29 ''matte'']) to create an effect where you can make it appear that one video is playing on the screen of a still of a computer monitor.
 
This tutorial uses the composite transition and a custom video mask (A.K.A. a Wipe File or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matte_%28filmmaking%29 ''matte'']) to create an effect where you can make it appear that one video is playing on the screen of a still of a computer monitor.
  
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<!--T:29-->
 
The mask / matte is created with '''GIMP'''.
 
The mask / matte is created with '''GIMP'''.
  
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<!--T:30-->
 
Save your mattes to <tt>/usr/share/kde4/apps/kdenlive/lumas</tt>.
 
Save your mattes to <tt>/usr/share/kde4/apps/kdenlive/lumas</tt>.
  
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<!--T:31-->
 
It would appear that you need to stop and restart '''Kdenlive''' in order for it to pickup new matte/wipe files saved in the above directory.
 
It would appear that you need to stop and restart '''Kdenlive''' in order for it to pickup new matte/wipe files saved in the above directory.
  
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<!--T:32-->
 
There appears to be a defect in this functionality that means when the composite is on 100% Opacity the wipe file does not work. You need to change it to 99% to make the effect kick in.
 
There appears to be a defect in this functionality that means when the composite is on 100% Opacity the wipe file does not work. You need to change it to 99% to make the effect kick in.
  
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<!--T:33-->
 
{{#ev:youtube|FIpnGlRY27U}}
 
{{#ev:youtube|FIpnGlRY27U}}
  
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<!--T:34-->
 
[[File:Composite transition with wipe file.png|left]]
 
[[File:Composite transition with wipe file.png|left]]
  
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<!--T:35-->
 
Screen shot of composite transition using a custom wipe file to mask out a section of video - as described in Tutorial 3
 
Screen shot of composite transition using a custom wipe file to mask out a section of video - as described in Tutorial 3
 
<br style="clear: both;"/>
 
<br style="clear: both;"/>
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<!--T:36-->
 
Aspirational goal -  a compositing experiment made using detonation films free sample effects
 
Aspirational goal -  a compositing experiment made using detonation films free sample effects
  
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<!--T:37-->
 
{{#ev:youtube|vo-xntF1bns}}
 
{{#ev:youtube|vo-xntF1bns}}
  
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<!--T:38-->
 
{{Prevnext2
 
{{Prevnext2
 
| prevpage=Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Transitions
 
| prevpage=Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Transitions
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}}
 
}}
  
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[[Category:Kdenlive]]
 
[[Category:Kdenlive]]
 
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Revision as of 16:34, 22 November 2012

Other languages:
English • ‎русский • ‎українська

Composite Transition

The composite transition combines the video data from 2 video tracks into one. This transition is used in combination with Alpha Channel information supplied by one of the Alpha Manipulation Effects or by the use of a Wipe File. This Alpha Channel data describes how the two video track data should be combined. Until you define some alpha channel data using an Alpha Manipulation Effect or a Wipe File, changes in the Composite transition settings will have no visible effect.

Composite transition showing alpha channel operation options.png

Alpha operation options are Over, And, Or and Xor

Over alpha operation.png

Over Operation produces this (after you deal with the messed up preview - see hint below)

Xor alpha operation.png

Xor Operation produces this (after you deal with the messed up preview - see hint below)

I am not sure I understand what the And and Or Alpha operations do.

Hint for previewing the alpha manipulation effects

The preview in Project monitor goes all strange when you select the composite transition in the time line or the video 1 in the time line.

Weird preview look.png

What the project monitor looks like when you have just selected the composite transition in the time line. This is not what the rendered video will look like.

To get a look at what the video will render as you need to click Video 1 and then Video 2 in the timline.

Two tracks composite transition with alpha info.png
What the preview looks like once you select Video 2 in the timeline. This is what the rendered file will look like



Tutorial 1

See this tutorial that describes how to use

  • Composite Transition.
  • Crop and Transform -> [[Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Crop_and_transform/Pan_and_Zoom|Pan and Zoom effect]]
  • Enhancement -> [[Special:MyLanguage/Kdenlive/Manual/Effects/Enhancement/Sharpen|Sharpen Effect]]

Tutorial 2 - composite transition and Blue Screen

Tutorial showing how to use the "Blue screen" function, composite transition and Keyframes to animate one image moving over another in the Kdenlive video editor

{{#ev:youtube|M8hC5FbIzdE}}


Tutorial 3 - Video Masks

This tutorial uses the composite transition and a custom video mask (A.K.A. a Wipe File or matte) to create an effect where you can make it appear that one video is playing on the screen of a still of a computer monitor.

The mask / matte is created with GIMP.

Save your mattes to /usr/share/kde4/apps/kdenlive/lumas.

It would appear that you need to stop and restart Kdenlive in order for it to pickup new matte/wipe files saved in the above directory.

There appears to be a defect in this functionality that means when the composite is on 100% Opacity the wipe file does not work. You need to change it to 99% to make the effect kick in.

{{#ev:youtube|FIpnGlRY27U}}

Composite transition with wipe file.png

Screen shot of composite transition using a custom wipe file to mask out a section of video - as described in Tutorial 3


Aspirational goal - a compositing experiment made using detonation films free sample effects

{{#ev:youtube|vo-xntF1bns}}


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