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Dialog-information.png
 
资讯
本页介绍常见任务的格式代码和示例


添加介绍截图和描述

应用程序的顶层页面尽量以截图和描述开始。具体实现代码是

{|class="tablecenter vertical-centered"
|[[Image:你上传的截图.png|250px|thumb]]
|描述
|}

格式化文本

使用标题

每个标题独占以行,以两个或更多 '=' 字符开始和结束。页面有多个标题时,会自动创建目录。'=' 字符的个数决定目录中的层级。应该使用 '==标题==', '===次标题===', '====三级标题===='这样的层级。请避免使用单个 '=' ,这个层级作为 wiki 页面的名称使用;例如 "Toolbox/zh-cn" 会成为页面的标题。

使用粗体斜体

用点(Blips)来指定粗体和斜体文字。

用'''粗体文本'''(3个'符号)指定粗体文本以及''斜体文本''(2个'符号)指定斜体文本(中文的话还可以用「文本」来区分文字)。

为了确保我们之后的翻译轻松和准确,请遵守字体排印指导方针

添加代码段

为了正确显示代码段,我们提供了辅助模板。具体使用方式请阅读排版指导方针

If you have problems displaying pipe characters in your code snippet, please see the explanation and markup detailed on Typographical Guidelines

添加缩进

用":"进行缩进,有些老的页面有多层缩进。但是因为多层缩进会导致问题,现在已经不建议使用并会逐步删除。一个 ":" 会缩进四个字符。

格式化日期

不同地区对纯数字的日期格式理解不一样,所以请使用
2015-06-16
这样的完整日期格式,年份要使用四位数字。

符号列表

符号列表用* 标记,**表示第二层次:

* Almonds

* Nuts
** Cashews

* Raisins

显示为:

  • Almonds
  • Nuts
    • Cashews
  • Raisins

编号列表

编号列表用同样的方式生成,用'#'。

# Sift
# Mix
## Stir thoroughly
# Bake

显示为:

  1. Sift
  2. Mix
    1. Stir thoroughly
  3. Bake

详情请阅读 wikimedia 中的列表说明.

混合符号列表和编号列表

可以混合使用符号列表和编号列表,例如:

* Nuts
*# Cashew
*# Crazy
* Other things

显示为:

  • Nuts
    1. Cashew
    2. Crazy
  • Other things

# Nuts
#* Cashew
#* Crazy
# Other things

显示为:

  1. Nuts
    • Cashew
    • Crazy
  2. Other things
Note-box-icon.png
 
附注
编号列表中不应该有空行:空行会导致重新编号。同时,符号列表和编号列表的子列表中也不应该有空行,否则会产生两个子列表。


Note-box-icon.png
 
附注
长列表会增加翻译难度。如果是单层符号列表,请在每行之间插入一个空行。这样的话每行都是一个单独的翻译单元。如果是多层符号列表,所有子列表必须和上层列表项放在同一个翻译单元中。所以如果必须使用多层列表,请尽量保持子列表的简短。如果是编号列表,所有的内容必须放在同一个翻译单元内。尽量避免使用编号列表,如果必须使用,请尽量简短。


Flag-red.png
 
Workaround
在符号列表中应该避免空行和子列表,如果真的使用了,可以有一个方法将它们分割到多个翻译单元。


要将每个符号列表和子列表放入单独的翻译单元,可以使用下面形式:

* First bullet </translate >
<translate >
** First sub bullet </translate >
<translate >
** Another sub bullet<br /><br />This one consists of two paragraphs </translate >
<translate >
* The next main bullet </translate >
<translate >
** And so on

显示为:

  • First bullet
    • First sub bullet
    • Another sub bullet

      This one consists of two paragraphs
  • The next main bullet
    • And so on

这个方法同样适用于其它列表。

如果希望同一项中有多个部分,可以用下面方法把每个部分放入单独的翻译单元:

* First bullet </translate >
<translate >
* Second bullet, first section. </translate><br /><br /> <translate > Second section of the
second bullet. This section has a translation unit of its own </translate >
<translate >
* And so on

显示为:

  • First bullet
  • Second bullet, first section.

    Second section of the second bullet. This section has a translation unit of its own
  • And so on

Itemizations

Itemizations are produced using ; and : alternatively. They are best for giving short descriptions for a group of related objects.

;Animals
: They move around and devour other creatures.

;Plants
: They have roots and feed upon ground water and sun.

produces

Animals
They move around and devour other creatures.
Plants
They have roots and feed upon ground water and sun.
Note-box-icon.png
 
Note
As always, please keep each item in a section of its own; it helps translators a lot.


添加链接

有三种类型的链接可以学,内部链接,链接到另外一个userbase页面,和外部URL链接。

内部链接的话,你可以用这种格式[[PageLayout]],直接显示页面的名称。但这种方式不太好,尤其是对于译成docbook文档,最好用这种形式[[PageLayout|Page Layout]],避免了翻译者那边的问题。你经常需要在一个句子里包含链接,所以那种情况下你要用

[[Special:myLanguage/PageLayout|这个页面]]
这样的话会显示

这个页面

Internal links to subsections of a page should look like this
[[Special:myLanguage/Tasks_and_Tools#Working_with_Languages|...]]
With this kind of link it is very important, that the page you link to has a subpage anchor immediately before the section you link to. It should look like this:
</translate ><span id="Working_with_Languages"></span> <translate >
(in this example - the id should match the title of the section) and should be place immediately before the section headline with a blank line separating the anchor and the headline.

If the page containing the section that you link to is not yet marked up for translation, you should omit the </translate > and <translate > tags.

外部链接稍微有些不同,所以

[http://techbase.kde.org/Schedules 我们的路线图]
显示我们的路线图 会带你直达techbase页面。

最后需要注意的一点 - 当你预览你的页面时,链接已经生效可以用了。这对你有两个好处。你可以(悬停鼠标指针到链接上)检查是否你的链接设定的跟你期望的一样,并且你可以用一个红色链接来创建一个新页面。

Make an application list

If you want to make a list of applications like the ones in the subpages of Applications, you should use the AppItem template. Simply enter

{|
{{AppItem|System Settings/Locale|Preferences-desktop-locale.png|
Settings for localized handling of numbers, dates, etc}}A short text.
A few more short lines about the app. This is optional.
|-
{{AppItem|System Settings/Shortcuts and Gestures|Preferences-desktop-keyboard.png|
Shortcuts and Gestures}}Another short text. If you do not type <keycap>Enter</keycap> between the texts
you get one section no matter how long the text is.
|}

This gives the following display:

Settings for localized handling of numbers, dates, etc

Preferences-desktop-locale.png A short text.

A few more short lines about the app. This is optional.

Shortcuts and Gestures

Preferences-desktop-keyboard.png Another short text. If you do not type Enter between the texts you get one section no matter how long the text is.

Note, that you should not prepend "Special:myLanguage" to the page name - the template takes care of that. Also note, that you must give a title, even if the title is the same as the page name.

Footnotes

Footnotes are rarely used in our pages, but if you need them you can place a <ref>text</ref> in the source where the footnote mark should appear. There has to be one <references /> somewhere in the source as well, usually towards the end of the page. This is where the text added by the <ref> tags will appear. For more info see the Wikipedia help page.

附上图片

添加单幅图片,居中

[[Image:KMail-kde4.png|250px|center]]

注意你能修改图片的位置,但默认位置是左侧(left)。图片的大小依赖于具体情况,但对于截图,我推荐时不小于250px以及不大于500px。

Also note that Image: and File: are synonyms. So that [[Image:KMail-kde4.png]] is the same as [[File:KMail-kde4.png]]

see mediawiki for more info.

Make the Image Clickable and Add a Caption

在你需要展示更多细节的地方,创建一张适当大小的图片,图可以点击以便查看全尺寸的大图。简单的添加一个参数'|thumb'到图片括号内就行。

标题也可以作为参数添加进去,但只会在提供'|thumb'的情况下显示。

例如:

[[File:file_name.png|thumb|this will be the caption]]

Add a caption without a thumbnail

Captions also appear on images marked up with the frame syntax.

例如:

[[File:image.png|frame|left|这是标题]]

Prevent text from flowing around image

Sometimes you might not want the text to flow down the sides of your image. You can prevent this by adding a <br clear=all> tag between the file tag and the text in question.

Example:

[[File:image.png]]
<br clear=all>
This text would normally flow down the sides of the image but now it will be found under the image

Use Tables to Precisely Place Multiple Images

{|class="tablecenter" style="border: 1px solid grey;"
|[[Image:Desktop-config-customized.png|230px|center]]||[[Image:Desktop-settings-rightclick.png|230px|center]]
|-
|[[Image:Desktop-theme-details-dialog.png|230px|center]]||[[Image:Plasma-multiple-themes.png|230px|center]]
|}

显示

Desktop-config-customized.png
Desktop-settings-rightclick.png
Desktop-theme-details-dialog.png
Plasma-multiple-themes.png


注意显示一张图片的所有参数都要被包含在[[...]]内,而且,多个单元(不同的图片)要用'||'分离。要开始新的一行,插入'|-'

For more details on Table formating see mediawiki

Embed a Video

As of July 2012 the MediaWiki EmbedVideo extension has been installed on userbase.kde. This means you can embed videos from various video hosting sites into the page content and have them display in line.

EmbedVideo parser function expects to be called in any of the following ways:

{{#ev:service|id}}
{{#ev:service|id|width}}
{{#ev:service|id|width|align}}
{{#ev:service|id|width|align|desc}}
{{#evp:service|id|desc}}
{{#evp:service|id|desc|align}}
{{#evp:service|id|desc|align|width}}

Where:

service is the name of a video sharing service (See "service name" in the list below)
id is the id of the video to include
width (optional) is the width in pixels of the viewing area (height will be determined automatically)
align (optional) is an alignment (float) attribute. May be "left" or "right".
desc (optional) is a short description to display beneath the video when it is aligned

For example, to include the famous "evolution of dance" YouTube video, you'd enter:

{{#ev:youtube|dMH0bHeiRNg}}

And if you wanted scaled down to thumbnail size, on the right with a short description, you could use:

{{#ev:youtube|dMH0bHeiRNg|100|right|This is an embedded video!}}


As of version 1.0, EmbedVideo supports embedding video content from the following services:

Site Service Name
Dailymotion dailymotion
Div Share divshare
Edutopia edutopia
FunnyOrDie funnyordie
Google Video googlevideo
Interia interia or interiavideo
Revver revver
sevenload sevenload
TeacherTube teachertube
YouTube youtube and youtubehd
Vimeo vimeo

添加附注(Notes)和警告(Warnings)

Warning.png
 
Important
Indented boxes do not display correctly! Never put a colon in front of a box; it will make the box look very odd.


在需要添加跟你的文本有关的附注或警告的地方,用表格,像是这样的:

{{Info/zh-cn|常规提示信息}} displays

Dialog-information.png
 
资讯
常规提示信息


{{Note/zh-cn|重要的信息}} 显示

Note-box-icon.png
 
附注
重要的信息


{{Tip/zh-cn|需要记住的有用信息}}displays

Ktip.png
 
提示
需要记住的有用信息


{{Warning/zh-cn|这样做很危险}} 显示

Warning.png
 
警告
这样做很危险


Where the strongest possible warning is needed, the Remember box can be used, but please use sparingly. {{Remember|1=This is for things that definitely must not be forgotten}}

Flag-red.png
 
Remember
This is for things that definitely must not be forgotten


You can also change the heading:

Flag-red.png
 
Don't Forget This!
You can use parameter number 2 to set an individual box heading:
{{Remember|2=Don't Forget This!|1=You can use...}}


Page Redirection

You can make a page to redirect to another page automatically by using:

#REDIRECT [[Pagename]]

程序的KDE3和KDE SC 4版本区分

默认情况下都是假定是KDE SC 4版本。如果KDE SC 4版本还没完成发布的话,有必要去写KDE3版本。在这种情况下,你应该添加图标{{KDE3}},它会显示 Kde3-button.png。要是你在同一个页面里写KDE3版本和KDE SC 4版本,用这个图标 - {{KDE4}},它会显示 Kde4-button.png

有用的模板

Inserting GUI Icons

The best way to refer to icons in the GUI is to display it in the text. This can be done with a template like this: {{Icon|list-add}}. This will display the Icon-list-add.png icon.

For this to work, the icon image must have been uploaded to the wiki. See Update an Image for an explanation on how to upload images. The .png files can usually be found here: usr/share/icons/oxygen. If possible use the 16x16 icon. The file name should have an Icon- prefix as in Icon-list-add.png — apart from the prefix the filename should exactly match the usual name. Note, that when using the template you should neither write the Icon- prefix nor the .png file type extension.

The Icon-list-add.png icon can also be written as {{Plus}}, and the Icon-list-remove.png icon as {{Minus}}. You can also use {{Configure}} to get the Icon-configure.png icon, and {{Exit}} gets you the Icon-application-exit.png icon.

社区程序

最后关心的一点是那些并不作为核心KDE应用程序发布的程序(译者注:大意应该是其他非KDE的社区开发的程序)。那些需要用图标指明,放置{{Community-app/zh-cn}}


 Dialog-information.png见脚注


在你句子或一行的末尾,如同你在普通书写中表示一个脚注一样。然后你需要添加{{Community-app-footnote/zh-cn}},它会显示脚注,像是这样子:



Dialog-information.png这个程序的支持可以在它的项目主页找到


对现有页面做重大修改

如果一个页面像是打开要做一段时间的编辑修改,可能会有冲突的危险 - 其他某个人或许同时也在编辑,这时保存你的编辑会取消掉他们的修改,或者反过来也是一样的。避免的方法是做一个临时的词条,直接挂在语言栏下面,使用{{Being_Edited/zh-cn}},它会显示

Being edited.png
 
页面编辑中
目前该页正在编辑
如本提示存在过久,请通知 irc.freenode.org 的 #kde-www 频道,或至Annew 的讨论页讨论

Note: Pages should not normally be marked for translation while they are being actively worked on


编辑完成后不要忘了移除它!

添加一个新的复杂页面

如果你在某个页面上需要相当长一段时间的工作,比如说,数天,你或许要使用Construction/zh-cn模板 - {{Construction/zh-cn}},显示如下

Under construction.png
 
页面建设中
这是个新页面,当前还在建设中,敬请期待!


Links to Pages in the Neighbourhood

You can add links to a preceding or a following page using the following templates as described here:

{{Prevnext2|prevpage=Previous Pagename|nextpage=Following Pagename|prevtext=The page before this page|nexttext=This page you should read later|index=Index page|indextext=Back to Menu}}

All six arguments are optional. For first pages with no preceeding page or last pages with no following page use this:

{{Prevnext2|nextpage=Following Pagename|nexttext=This page you should read later}}
{{Prevnext2|prevpage=Previous Pagename|prevtext=The page before this page}}

If you don't specify an indexname the name of the current page will be displayed.

Note-box-icon.png
 
Note
You should always specify a text for the pages you link to, and you should always use Special:myLanguage with your links; otherwise you create problems for the translators.


Links to bugs

You can link directly to a bug in Bugzilla by using this template:

{{Bug|123456}}

Please do not forget to add the <s> and </s> to strike through a bug that is closed.

添加子页面列表

== {{FULLPAGENAME}} 的子页面==
{{Special:PrefixIndex/{{FULLPAGENAME}}/}}

非常好用以便你想要列出子页面的链接,比如

Toolbox/zh-cn的子页面

It does, however, also list all "other-language" pages, so use with discretion.





This page was last modified on 23 July 2017, at 19:50. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.