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External Database

Amarok 2.2 and above support an external MySQL database as a backend.

Configure Server
Install MySQL-Server

First you need to install an MySQL server. On Debian-based distributions like Ubuntu you can use

sudo apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client

to install it. You will be asked to specify a password for the root-account for the database. The mysql-client package is needed in order to execute some of the commands in this document, but it's not fundamental to the use of Amarok.

Configure Database

Connect to the local database using

mysql -u root -p
You will be prompted for the password for MySQL's root user. You will get the

Create a new user amarokuser with the password amarokpass using the

CREATE USER 'amarokuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'amarokpass';

command. Amarok needs its own database, which is created with


Give the new user access to the database by entering the

GRANT ALL ON amarokdb.* TO 'amarokuser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'amarokpass';

command, where % is a wildcard to allow all hosts to connect to the database. Now use the


statement to reload various internal caches used by MySQL. Finally


closes the MySQL prompt.

By default the server can only be accessed by the local host. To change this you need to edit the file /etc/mysql/my.cnf and adjust the address near bind-address to the one your server listens on the network. listens on all interfaces. After that you need to restart the server using

sudo service mysql restart
Configure Client

Open the configuration dialog by clicking Settings -> Configure Amarok -> Database. Enable the checkbox and enter the user data.

Amarok 2.8 ConfigurationDialogDatabaseEnabled.png

You need to restart Amarok so that the changes take effect.

Migrating from MySQL Embedded to MySQL Server

If you want to maintain the statistics, etc. that you have in the embedded MySQL database from before Amarok 2.2, you can do the following: First, start Amarok 2.2+ at least once to give the database a chance to update to the latest schema version.

Next, kill the running MySQL service

sudo /etc/init.d/mysql stop

and start a MySQL daemon from your ~/.kde4/share/apps/amarok directory (--defaults-file MUST be the first option!):

/usr/sbin/mysqld --defaults-file=`pwd`/my.cnf --default-storage-engine=MyISAM --datadir=`pwd`/mysqle --socket=`pwd`/sock --skip-grant-tables

The skip-grant-tables means you can use any password or username to connect to it. 'localhost' will not work, the MySQL client will try to use a Unix socket. Using as the host makes it work. Some systems may restrict this access through apparmor or SELinux. They can be temporarily disabled with

sudo /etc/init.d/apparmor stop

Now, run mysqldump, passing in the -S option to specify the local socket. This will dump your old embedded DB out to a SQL file.

mysqldump -S sock amarok > amarok.mysql

You can then restart your MySQL service and load this SQL file into your MySQL server. You'll have needed to already run the GRANT statement above and create an Amarok database ("CREATE DATABASE amarok;"):

sudo /etc/init.d/mysql stop
mysql -u amarokuser -p amarok < amarok.mysql
You may need to re-scan your collection in Amarok after completing this.

This page was last modified on 21 July 2013, at 08:02. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.