Marble/MapThemes

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This page is a translated version of the page Marble/MapThemes and the translation is 47% complete.

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Uma das características principais do '"Marble"' é o suporte a diferentes mapas(Chamados de temas de mapa na linguagem '"Marble"') e diferentes planetas. Cada um deles pode ser visto em diferentes projeções: Faça o planeta parecer um globo usando a projeção "Esférica" ou veja-o como um mapa impresso na projeção "Mercator".

Temas de mapa são configurados na caixa de diálogo chamada Visão de Mapa no Marble. Você a encontra na barra de abas a direita na versão Desktop.

Marble-MapView-Desktop.png

A versão mobile do Marble no Nokia N900 lhe oferece a opção de abrir a caixa de diálogo Visão de Mapa via o menu da aplicação principal.

Marble-MapView-Maemo.png

A caixa de diálogo Visão de Mapa permite que você escolha uma projeção, o planeta (corpo celeste) e um tema de mapa. O resto deste tutorial explica essas escolhas em detalhes.

Escolhas de Planeta

Marble oferece suporte a em torno de uma dúzia de planetas diferentes. Na caixa de diálogo Visão de Mapa, você pode escolher esses planetas para os quais, ao menos, um tema de mapa está instalado.

Marble-Planet-Earth.png
Terra. Vários temas de mapa diferentes estão disponíveis.
Marble-Planet-Moon.png
Lua. Nós sabemos que isso não é um planeta.
Marble-Planet-Mars.png
Marte
Marble-Planet-Venus.png
Vênus

Escolhas de Projeção

A projeção define como a superfície de um planeta é apresentada na tela. Isso pode ser um globo de algum tipo ou um mapa plano.

Spherical Projection Flat Map Projection Mercator Projection
Example
Marble-Spherical.png
Marble-FlatMap.png
Marble-Mercator.png
Common Usage Distant view, measuring large distances Distant view Close view, navigation
Ktip.png
 
Tip
Está em dúvida sobre qual projeção escolher? Uma regra de ouro é usar a projeção Esférica para distâncias muito longas e a projeção Mercator para outros casos.


Escolhas de Temas de Mapa

Mapas de Visão Geral

Map Theme Preview Description
Atlas Marble-MapTheme-Atlas.png A classic topographic map. It uses vector lines to mark coastlines, country borders etc. and a height relief.
Plain Map Marble-MapTheme-PlainMap.png A simple version of the Atlas theme without topography.
Satellite View Marble-MapTheme-SatelliteView.png Earth as seen from space with sun illumination. Includes a cloud layer with real-time data.
Natural Earth Marble-MapTheme-NaturalEarth.png Natural Earth portrays the world environment in an idealized manner with little human influence. Includes a cloud layer with real-time data.
Earth at Night Marble-MapTheme-EarthAtNight.png Earth as seen from space without sun illumination.

Street Maps

These maps are optimized for high zoom levels, showing many details on the street and city level. Some of them provide good country and even continent or space views, but that's not their primary area of use. Need to find a route? Do you like hiking or biking? Want to explore the neighborhood? Pick one of these maps.

Map Theme Preview Description

OpenStreetMap

General purpose

Marble-MapTheme-OpenStreetMap.png

The famous OpenStreetMap Mapnik layer. A general purpose map with useful information for the most common use cases. The map is identical to that shown on openstreetmap.org.

Combine this map theme with the Mercator projection for optimal speed and a sharp map view.

Osmarender

General purpose

Marble-MapTheme-Osmarender.png

The OpenStreetMap Osmarender layer. A general purpose map with useful information for the most common use cases. The map is identical to that selectable in the top-right toolbox on openstreetmap.org.

Compared to the Mapnik layer (OpenStreetMap theme), this theme has more lively colors and presents some different data. The view from space looks better than that of Mapnik. On the other hand, Mapnik handles conflicting elements at the street level better. In Osmarender, icon sizes are less balanced and the z-order (stacking) is wrong for some elements. Labels overlap in densely packed areas.

Combine this map theme with the Mercator projection for optimal speed and a sharp map view.

OpenCycleMap

For bikers

Marble-MapTheme-OpenCycleMap.png

OpenStreetMap data presented for bikers. The map is identical to that selectable in the top-right toolbox on openstreetmap.org.

Combine this map theme with the Mercator projection for optimal speed and a sharp map view.

OSM Hike & Bike Map

For hikers and bikers

Marble-MapTheme-OsmHikeAndBikeMap.png

A map theme optimized for hiking and biking, based on OpenStreetMap data. Includes a very nice hillshading layer that shows the terrain (activate it in the Legend tab).

Combine this map theme with the Mercator projection for optimal speed and a sharp map view.

Educational Maps

Map Theme Preview Description
Historical Map 1689 Marble-MapTheme-HistoricalMap1689.png A historical world map from the year 1689 created by G. van Schagen in Amsterdam.
Historical Map 1720 Marble-MapTheme-HistoricalMap1720.png A historical world map from the year 1720 created by Guillaume de L'Isle in Paris.
Historical Map 1786 Marble-MapTheme-HistoricalMap1786.png A historical world map from the year 1786 created by William Faden in London.
Precipitation (month) Marble-MapTheme-Precipitation.png Colors indicate the precipitation in the given month. Open the Legend tab to find out which color matches which precipitation.
Temperature (month) Marble-MapTheme-Temperature.png Colors indicate the average temperature in the given month. Open the Legend tab to find out which color matches which temperature.

Restricted Maps

These map themes work fine in Marble from a technical point of view. The terms of service of the companies offering these maps, however, may prevent you from using it. If you want to use these map themes, you must install them manually. Make sure their terms of service allow you to use them within Marble.

Warning.png
 
Warning
To the best of our knowledge the usage of these restricted maps is forbidden in an application like Marble. We only want to demonstrate the technical feasibility here. Please don't add details on their installation in Marble to this Wiki. We don't want to promote the usage of maps which we think are not free.

Read more about the restrictions on using Google Maps in Dennis Nienhüser's blog.


Map Theme Preview Description
Google Maps Marble-MapTheme-GoogleMaps.png Street maps from maps.google.com
Google Satellite Marble-MapTheme-GoogleSatellite.png Satellite maps from maps.google.com
Mapquest Marble-MapTheme-Mapquest.png Street maps from mapquest.com
Virtual Earth Marble-MapTheme-VirtualEarth.png Satellite maps from virtualearth.net

Installing Additional Map Themes

Map Theme Linux (KDE) Mac, Windows Maemo (N900)
Atlas Packaged Packaged Marble Maps package
Earth at Night Packaged Packaged Marble Maps package
Google Maps Manual installation Manual installation Manual installation
Google Satellite Manual installation Manual installation Manual installation
Historical Map 1689 Download Maps feature Manual installation Marble Maps package
Historical Map 1720 Download Maps feature Manual installation Manual installation
Historical Map 1786 Download Maps feature Manual installation Manual installation
Mapquest Manual installation Manual installation Manual installation
Natural Earth Download Maps feature Manual installation Manual installation
OpenStreetMap Packaged Packaged Packaged
Osmarender Download Maps feature Manual installation Marble Maps package
Open CycleMap Download Maps feature Manual installation Manual installation
Marble 1.2 and later: Marble Maps package
OSM Hike & Bike Map Download Maps feature Manual installation Marble Maps package
Plain Map Packaged Packaged Marble Maps package
Precipitation Packaged Packaged Marble Maps package
Satellite View Packaged Packaged Marble Maps package
Temperature Packaged Packaged Marble Maps package
Virtual Earth Manual installation Manual installation Manual installation

Legend

Term Description
Marble Maps package Please install the Marble Maps package from the extras repository (the same where you installed Marble - Virtual Globe from). See Maemo Installation (Nokia N900 only).
Download Maps feature Please use the Download Maps feature in Marble from the File menu (KDE only).
Manual installation Please follow the link (if any) and install the map theme manually.

This page was last modified on 4 March 2017, at 12:25. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.