Since KWord is a frames based word processor, an understanding of frames and framesets is necessary for all but the most simple of documents.
This section is designed to give you a firm understanding of how to create, destroy and manipulate frames so KWord can provide you with the exact document you want.
Before we continue our discussion of Frames, its important that we define a couple terms now:
Text moves freely between frames within a frameset. If you insert text in the middle of a frame, all text after the inserted text is rearranged as you type.
You can select a frame within a frameset two ways:
There should now be 8 squares around the edges of the frame.
Adding a text frame can be done one of three ways:
Whatever method you choose, KWord responds by changing the cursor to a set of cross hairs.
Using the mouse, place the crosshairs at the desired position of the upper left corner of the new text frame.
Click once with the left mouse button.
Alternative, first position the text caret at the place where you want to insert the frame. When the mouse cursor changes to crosshairs, press Enter.
A dialog box appears.
This dialog box is used to determine which frameset this new frame will belong to.
Using the screenshot as an example, a new text frame has been created in a document which currently has two framesets (called Text Frameset 1, and Text Frameset 2).
You now have the option of either:
Add the new frame to one of the previously created framesets.
Create a new frameset.
The other tabs in this dialog box, can be used to set some options for this frame. For more information on these options, see the section entitled Setting the properties for a frame.
If you click OK, the new frame will be created.
If you click Cancel, the new frame will not be created, and you will be returned to editing your document.
You may decide you no longer need a frame in your document. You could leave it blank (so it would not be visible in the final output), but you should delete it to keep your document as simple as possible.
Begin by clicking on the text frame border of the frame you want to delete. (Or holding down the Ctrl key and clicking inside the frame with the left mouse button.)
There are now 8 squares on the edges of the frame.
If this is the frame you want to delete, you can do so by:
Moving a frame around on the page is easy.
Begin by clicking on the text frame border of the frame you want to move. (Or holding down the Ctrl key and clicking inside the frame with the left mouse button.)
There are now 8 squares on the edges of the frame.
Click and hold the left mouse button on the border again and drag the cursor in the direction you want to move the frame.
You will see an outline of the frame as you move it. When the outline is where you want it, release the mouse button.
It is also easy to change the size or shape of a frame.
Begin by clicking on the text frame border of the frame you want to change. (Or holding down the Ctrl key and clicking inside the frame with the left mouse button.) This selects this frame as the current frame.
There are now 8 squares on the edges of the frame. By moving these squares, you will be able to drag the frame border(s) to a new location.
Each square will move a different combination of borders.
As an example: To move the bottom border of a frame, place the mouse over the box at the six o'clock position in the frame. When the mouse is over the box, it will change to a double headed arrow.
Now click with the left mouse button and hold the button down. As you move the mouse up and down on the page, you will see that the frame changes shape to match the movements of the mouse. When the bottom edge of the frame is at the new location, simply release the mouse button, and the changes will become permanent.
Normally, each new text frame is created with a specific purpose. Sometimes, however, as the document is changed, changes to the text flow will need to be made. To accomplish this, you will need to know how to move a frame from one frameset to another.
First click on the frame border of the frame you want to move to another frameset.
You can change the frameset of the currently selected frame by selecting Frames->Frame/Frameset Properties from the menubar
You can also accomplish this by clicking on the frame border once with the right mouse button, and selecting Frame/Frameset Properties...from the popup menu.
This will bring up a dialog box with five tabs. Select the tab labeled Connect Text Frames.
You will be presented with a list of framesets. Simply select the new frameset.
When you click OK, the currently selected frame will be added to that frameset.
When two frames occupy the same place on a page, they must overlap. When they overlap, one frame sits above the other frame.
You can raise and lower the frames to change which frame sits above the other frames by using four commands.
Bring to Front
Send to Back
A hard frame break is a special formatting character. It is invisible on the final printed output.
The purpose of a hard frame break, is to force all the text that follows it into the next frame in the frameset.
If we have the following sentence: “We have nothing to fear but fear itself”
and we insert a Hard Frame Break, just before the word “but”, we will end up with one frame containing “We have nothing to fear”, and the next frame in the frameset beginning with “but fear itself”.
To add a Hard Frame Break, you should first place the keyboard cursor where you want the break to be located in the document.
A Hard Frame Break can be inserted one of two ways:
If you want to remove a Hard Frame Break, you simply delete it like you would any other character.
|Formatting the Page||Setting the Properties for a Frame|