Руководство по форматированию

    From KDE UserBase Wiki
    This page is a translated version of the page Typographical Guidelines and the translation is 5% complete.

    "Нами созданы отдельные страницы с описанием компоновки страницы и синтаксиса с кодом примеров."

    Важно
    Выполнение приведенных на этой странице установок форматирования предоставит возможность аккуратно и без проблем экспортировать данные с целью включения в пакеты KDE. Некоторые из установок могут оказаться неприменимы к языкам, отличным от английского. Данные об этом можно найти на соответствующих страницах языков, ссылки на которые приведены на странице Translation Workflow. Если ссылки на страницу вашего языка еще нет, пожалуйста, добавьте его и выложите там наставления относительно форматирования страниц на вашем языке.


    Bold Text

    Use bold text to highlight

    • Window titles
    • Common labels that are not user-configurable
    • Icon captions
    • Program names

    For example:

    • Highlighting a selection of text will copy it to Klipper.

    Italic Text

    Use italic text to emphasise

    • Words or phrases as in general writing.
    • Titles when referencing other works.
    • The first use of an unfamiliar word.

    Some examples:

    • Save your work at this point.
    • Details can be found in Samba 3 by Example....
    • KDE Manuals are in Docbook format.
    Tip
    Programs are launched by users, components are used by programs


    Combined Bold and Italic Text

    Use this combination for replaceable or variable text.

    Some examples:

    • To connect to your remote server, type ssh [email protected] in Konsole.
    • In rpm-based distributions, the command rpm -q packagename will result in package-version-release.

    Mono-spaced Text

    Code should be presented in mono-spaced text, usually boxed, as shown below. Input text will be on a light yellow background. For output text, the background colour will be a light grey.

    • Code, whether single lines or blocks, use templates to ensure consistency
    • Use the Input template like this:
      {{Input|1=<nowiki>
      qdbus org.kde.NepomukServer /nepomukserver org.kde.NepomukServer.quit
      rm -r ~/.kde/share/apps/nepomuk
      rm -r ~/.kde4/share/apps/nepomuk
      nepomukserver</nowiki>}}
      This will display like this:
      qdbus org.kde.NepomukServer /nepomukserver org.kde.NepomukServer.quit
      rm -r ~/.kde/share/apps/nepomuk
      rm -r ~/.kde4/share/apps/nepomuk
      nepomukserver


    • Output works the same way:
      {{Output|1=<nowiki>terminal output 
      is also shown as code, 
      but on a grey background</nowiki>}}
      which displays as
      terminal output 
      is also shown as code, 
      but on a grey background
    Note
    Note the use of 1=<nowiki> some text </nowiki>. Occationally, parts of literal displays may confuse the wiki parser. The <nowiki>...</nowiki> block protects against that. Also if something like n= appears in the literal body, the template parser may get confused. The initial 1= protects against that. Otherwise this markup has no effect. In short: it can't hurt, and it protects against the possibility of some nasty side effects.


    • Starting an Input or Output template on a new line will break the display format if it is within lists. Simply continue on the same line if you need to correct this.
    • You can also combine input/output areas with GeSHi syntaxhiglighting. An input area like this
      {{Input|<syntaxhighlight lang="php" line>
      # Initialise common code
      $preIP = dirname( __FILE__ );
      require_once( "$preIP/includes/WebStart.php" );
      </syntaxhighlight>}}
      will result in
      # Initialise common code
      $preIP = dirname( __FILE__ );
      require_once( "$preIP/includes/WebStart.php" );
      
    • Single code words can be kept in-line by using
      <code></code>
      It will display like this. Note, that if the <code> tag is immediately preceded by a newline character, it will not display properly.
    • File names and paths should use the Path template (see below).
    Warning
    In-line code markup should be short! It looks strange - and ugly - if a string of code words is split between lines. And remember: even if it looks good in your browser, not everyone uses the same screen size! And even if your text looks good on all screen sizes translations may still suffer. It is best to use the Input template for code unless it is really short.


    Note
    Please avoid using shell commands or other code words as verbs. This does not translate well. Always treat code words as proper names.


    Block Quotes

    The tags <blockquote> and </blockquote> should be used when quoting other works or other pages. This produces a proportional italic font, with some padding.

    Here is an example of the display that you get by using the blockquote tags.

    Text in Section Headers

    Even though the criteria above may be met, do not use Bold text in section headers or in links.

    Text in Information, Note, Tip or Warning Templates

    Bold text should be avoided in the text within these templates. Italic text for emphasis may still be used - use sparingly for maximum effect.

    Lists

    You can have various kinds of lists in your pages — bulleted, numbered or itemized. Find details on the Toolbox page.

    Keeping things together

    After your text is written some markup is automatically added by the translation system. This means that whenever it sees a blank line, it starts a new unit. When your text is presented to translators, they typically see it one unit at a time, so it is important not to leave a blank lines in the middle of something that should be treated as a unit. Normally an entire paragraph should be kept in a single unit; and under no circumstance should a sentence be split between units!

    If you need a linebreak in the middle of a section, the preferred way to achieve this without breaking units is to use <br /> at the end of the line where you want to break to occur (not on a new line). If you need space between the lines add <br /><br />.

    Unbalanced brackets

    The translation system marks any translated unit as incompletely translated if it contains any kind of unbalanced brackets. If you need to have unbalanced brackets in your text, please add a balancing bracket in a comment tag, like this:

    <!-- }} -->{{ A line 
    
    Another line}}<!-- {{ -->

    This goes for all kinds of brackets, even ordinary parentheses. (Of course it is normally better to avoid blank lines within a mark up unit - see Keeping things together.)

    Special Tags

    Key presses and menu selections

    • <keycap> and </keycap> denote (keyboard) key names e.g. Enter
    • <keycap></keycap> can also be used around groups of keys to be used concurrently, e.g. Ctrl + Alt + F1 to launch a virtual terminal. (Note that "(space)+(space)" is used to link keys to be pressed concurrently).
    • Sequences of menu choices should use <menuchoice> and </menuchoice> for example View -> Message List -> Aggregation -> Standard Mailing List
    • In general, if the user needs to choose an element, even if it is not in a menu, the <menuchoice></menuchoiсe> markup should be used.
    • If you are contributing to a manual page, you should always use the markup describes above. For other pages, though, there is a template to enter menu selections: {{Menu|Top|sub|...}}. Fx, {{Menu | View | Message List | Aggregation | Standard Mailing List}} yields View Message List Aggregation Standard Mailing List
    • If you want to use the <menuchoice> but use → in stead of ->, you write & rarr; (without a space between '&' and r!) as in <menuchoice> View</menuchoice> & rarr; <menuchoice>Message List</menuchoice> which yields ViewMessage List. (Note, that the → character has to be outside of the menuchoice tags to be shown properly

    Files and file paths

    Traditionally, file names and paths have been marked up between <tt>...</tt> tags.

    <tt>~/.kde/share</tt>

    yields

    ~/.kde/share

    There is now also a template for this, which should be preferred in new content for ordinary UserBase pages (but not for manual pages, please!):

    {{Path | ~/.kde/share }}

    yields

     ~/.kde/share 

    The Problematic Pipe

    In some situations the pipe symbol can't be used - for instance when adding parameters into a template. In any such case, please use {{!}} which will display as a pipe symbol. For example, if you want to display a command line containing the pipe character using the {{Input|...}} template, the simplest way to do it is this: {{Input|1=cmd1 {{!}} cmd2}} which displays

    cmd1 | cmd2


    If you just write {{Input|cmd1 | cmd2}} you get instead

    cmd1 

    the problem being, that cmd2 is seen as a second parameter to the template, which in this case is not used.

    In many cases, you can also enclose the text containing the pipe character between <nowiki>... </nowiki> tags, like this {{Input|1=<nowiki>cmd1 | cmd2</nowiki>}}, which also displays

    cmd1 | cmd2

    Translatable Content

    Everything that is translatable is contained within <translate> and </translate> tags. In most cases any images should be contained within the translatable section, as it is sometimes necessary to use localised versions of the images to explain a point. The rule of thumb is "If in doubt, include it!".