Krita

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Krita 2.4 montrant l'anneau de raccourcis accessible via clic droit -- réalisé par Tyson Tan
Krita Logo (as of 2.4)
Krita, le logiciel de dessin et peinture numérique de KDE

Conçu pour la peinture numérique, les croquis, les bandes dessinés et la création de textures, Krita s'inspire d'outils de peinture traditionnels. Doté de nombreuses fonctionnalités, il possède une interface ergonomique et adaptable.

Visit Krita's official website for up to date information:Krita.org

Krita Manual

Krita Questions? Want to dig deeper? Read the Krita 2 Manual or go to the Krita site for documentation for the upcomming Krita 3.

Introduction

Krita is an free and cross-platform creativity application for digital painting, image manipulation, concept art, comics and the creation of textures for things like game art or 3D models. It is designed around existing real-world painting materials and artist workflows, but it is also packed with functions digital artists require, like layers, filters, vector-based path drawing, typography tools, and built-in color-management support. Krita is a KDE application based on the Calligra platform.

Fonctionnalités

  • Designed specifically for artists, to promote natural drawing and painting workflows
  • Unique "Artist Palette" with color wheel, color history and favorite brushes is available with right-click
  • Multiple highly configurable brush engines create endless opportunities to mimic natural media or create new and unique brush strokes.
  • Layers offer standard Blending Modes, including multiply, overlay, screen, etc...) as well as opacity control, however they also provide adjustments and fine tuning within specific layer types.
  • Supports Vector Layers with the ability to create and edit complex Path, Curve or Text-based objects.
  • Supports Autosave (1+ min >)
  • Supports User-customizable toolbar, shortcuts and drag-and-drop panels.
  • De nombreux formats d'image supportés, avec entre-autre celui de GIMP ou Adobe Photoshop ;
  • Built-in Color Management System, supports color space conversion, RGB, CMYK and L*a*b, etc.
  • Extensible à l'aide de scripts OpenShiva, Python ou Ruby ;
  • Multi-plateforme : disponible sur de nombreuses distributions GNU/Linux, FreeBSD, Microsoft Windows et Mac OSX.

Interface

Krita has a highly flexible and user-friendly interface. Nearly all aspects of the interface, including the toolbar, keyboard shortcuts and specific tool options through the movable tabbed panels, or Dockers can be customized to suit the specific needs of an individual or team. Dockers are panels that can be moved around the screen through familiar drag-and-drop gestures. Using these tools a personally customized task-based workspace can be created in minutes. Each workspace can be uniquely named, saved and recalled for later use. When combined with the right-click accessible Artist Palette pop-up, an artist can create a seamless experience customized specifically to their needs, whether it is project-based or based more on personal workflow requirements.

Barre d'outils

Krita permet de personnaliser facilement les barres d'outils. Il y a deux barres d'outils dans Krita : "Fichier" et "Brosses et co.". Vous pouvez ajouter ou supprimer n'importe quel fonction de la barre d'outils, changer l'ordre, la position du texte ou la taille des icônes. Le texte des boutons peut être changé ou enlevé en assignant un icône à ceux-ci (si KDE plasma est installé). Il est possible de rechercher dans les barres d'outils personnalisées, ainsi que dans la liste des fonctions.

Raccourcis

A powerful feature in Krita is the ability to assign/reassign keyboard shortcuts. The user is encouraged to assign both a main shortcut and an alternative shortcut to a single command. While customizing shortcuts, the command list is searchable and the users is notified of any conflicting commands.

Krita lets you set up shortcuts that both speed your own workflow, emulate another software package or, perhaps, both.

Dockers

Dockers are movable panels that each contain a specific set of tools. They are moved around the screen using familiar drag-and-drop gestures and can be placed either floating directly on the canvas or docked in one of the multiple docking areas. Dockers may be sized horizontally and vertically. Multiple dockers can be grouped in a shared space and switched between them by clicked on their tabs. By right-clicking on the title area of any panels you can easily add or remove panels from a complete list. A docker can also be collapsed to save space by clicking on it's down arrow in the upper left corner.

Palette

There are two kinds of palettes in Krita: the ordinary palette for color presets (Color Preset Docker), and the not-so-ordinary Artist Palette pop-up used for quick access to color selector, color history and favorite brushes. This quick access palette can be called up by right-clicking anywhere on the canvas, which liberates the artist from interruption in switching among colors and tools, thus providing a more immersive user experience. Favorite brushes can be added to the palette by clicking on the toolbar button Save to Palette, as well as selecting from any number of tag-based group of brush sets.

Système de pinceau

Krita has a powerful and highly customizable brush system modeled on various existing real-world drawing tools. In brush settings different genres of tools are grouped separately, each of them has tens of specified options which allow artists to adjust them thoroughly. On the right-side of the brush setting window is a sketchpad where you may test the current brush settings. The background color and sketchpad gradient can be altered by clicking the icons beneath it.

Lors de l'utilisation d'un pinceau, vous pouvez changer la taille du pinceau en maintenant Majuscule en cliquant et vous déplacer sur le canevas. En maintenant Ctrl, vous accédez au sélecteur de couleur. Vous pouvez vous déplacer sur le canevas avec le bouton central de la souris. Le clic droit donne un accès rapide à la palette, la barre d'outils contient les curseurs Taille, Opacité et Flow, bien que vous ne pouviez en voir que deux simultanément (cliquez sur le bouton plus pour échanger les différents curseurs).

Pinceaux stables

  1. Pinceaux à pixel (normal) ;
  2. Brosse "smudge" (étaleur) ;
  3. Mode dupliquer ; \
  4. Pinceau filtre ;
  5. Brosse poilus ;
  6. Pinceau "hatching" (rayure).

Pinceaux expérimentaux

  1. Brosse pastel ;
  2. Brosse "smudge" colorée ;
  3. Brosse courbe ; \
  4. Brosses déformantes ;
  5. Brosses dynamiques ;
  6. Brosses expérimentales ;
  7. Brosse de grille ;
  8. Brosse à particule ;
  9. Pinceau "sketch" ;
  10. Bombe de peinture.


Formats supportés

Les formats de fichiers suivants peuvent être ouverts par Krita. Cependant, la sauvegarde n'est possible que vers les formats supportés nativement. Utilisez l'exportation pour sauvegarder dans des formats non natif. En fonction de votre systèmes d'exploitation et de votre environnement de compilation, certains formats peuvent ne pas être disponibles.

Formats supportés nativement

  1. Document Krita (.kra) ;
  2. Image archivé OpenRaster (.ora) ;
  3. Image PPM ;
  4. Image PGM ;
  5. Image PBM ;
  6. Image PNG ;
  7. Image JPEG ;
  8. Image Windows BMP ;
  9. Image XPM ;
  10. Image XBM ;
  11. Image TIFF ;
  12. Image EXR.

Importation et exportation

  1. Open Document Drawing ;
  2. Image Photoshop (.psd) ;
  3. Image GIMP (.xcr) ;
  4. Document PDF ;
  5. Image GIF ;
  6. Image brute Nikon NEF ;
  7. Image brute Canon CR2 ;
  8. Image brute Sony SR2 ;
  9. Image brute Canon CRW ;
  10. Image brute Pentax PEF ;
  11. Image brute Sigma X3F ;
  12. Image brute Kodak KDC ;
  13. Image brute Minolta MRW ;
  14. Image brute Sony ARW ;
  15. Image brute Kodak K25 ;
  16. Image brute Kodak DCR ;
  17. Image brute Olympus ;
  18. Image brute Panasonic ;
  19. Image brute Panasonic 2 ;
  20. Image brute Fuji RAF ;
  21. Image brute Sony SRF ;
  22. Négatif Adobe DNG ;
  23. Image SVG ;
  24. Image SVG compressé ;
  25. Image WMF ;
  26. Image Wordperfect / Drawperfect ;
  27. Dessin Karbon14 ;
  28. EPS ;
  29. Document PS.

Obtenir Krita

Krita can be downloaded as a part of Calligra Suite or get it directly from Krita's website.

Plus d'informations

Trucs, astuces et tutoriels

Tutoriels sur UserBase


Tutoriels vidéos

Tutoriel DVD Comics with Krita


This page was last modified on 28 March 2016, at 14:20. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.