這份指南描述的是 KDE 4的 Dolphin。Konqueror是KDE 2和KDE 3預設的檔案管理員。你依然可以在KDE SC 4中使用Konqueror當預設檔案管理員。在KDE SC 4.2 以後，打開系統設定，然後找到，選擇Konqueror 或其他程式當預設檔案管理員。
Dolphin 是 KDE SC 的檔案管理員。
我會展示如何用 Dolphin 完成一般的檔案管理任務和自定它滿足你的需要。
在檔案夾裡點一下即可打開檔案。你不必用雙擊。（如果你喜歡雙擊打開，KDE 4.5 中在里改）。
當你點擊+號，檔案/資料夾就會被選中。你可以用這種方法輕易選擇多個檔案（鼠標拖拽矩形選擇檔案也是有效的）。你也可以用Ctrl + 單擊一次一個的選定/取消選定，用Shift + 單擊來連續操作。
Tabs: Dolphin supports tabbed browsing. A new tab can be opened for example from Ctrl + T or by middle mouse click on folder icon and navigation buttons.(if you have enabled menu bar), by
|Starting from KDE 4.7, Dolphin's menu bar is hidden, but easy to reach and restore. If you prefer menu bar to be present, you can enable it by selecting Ctrl + M.or pressing|
預設點擊任何檔案夾都會啟動 Dolphin。也能在Kickoff 選單裡啟動它。
Dolphin integrates a new concept to use the location bar in a faster and more precise way: therefore a breadcrumb location bar is used. Instead of displaying the complete path only the navigation points starting from one of the places are displayed as buttons. By clicking one of these buttons you navigate directly to this folder. In this way you can reach a parent folder from a sub folder in a very quick way.
There is also a classical location bar which displays the complete path. To use this style you can right click on the Location Bar and select . If you want the Location bar to become editable, trigger the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + L or select . By clicking on the free space next to the last displayed folder in the breadcrumb style you can switch to an editable Location Bar as well. If the editable style is selected a checkmark is displayed at the end of the location bar. This checkmark is a button which can be used to change back to the breadcrumb style. Of course menu and keyboard shortcut can be used, too.
Dolphin 能夠拆分當前檔夾視圖產生出兩個彼此相鄰的檔夾視圖，參考Midnight Commander。這種流覽方式非常適合從一個檔夾複製或移動檔到另一個檔夾。
You can split the view by clicking on in the tool bar or, if you have enabled menu bar, (keyboard shortcut F3). To change back to only one folder view you can click on or just press F3 again. The symbol will show you which view will be closed. Depending on the currently active view the minus sign will be shown in the left or right part of the symbol. The active view will be closed. This is important to know if you want to use the keyboard shortcut. There is also a button for splitting and closing the view situated in the toolbar. This button displays the minus symbol as well, so it is easy to know which view would be closed.
Of course each view has its own location bar and each view can use a different view mode.
Dolphin supports three different view modes: "Icons", "Details" and "Compact". These can be changed from Ctrl+1 (Icons), Ctrl+2 (Compact) and Ctrl+3 (Details). There is also a button for each view mode in the toolbar and the context menu of the folder view offers a submenu to change the view mode., via the menu (if menu bar is enabled) or via the keyboard shortcuts
Each file and each folder is represented by an icon in the view mode "Icons". Instead of displaying an icon a preview of the file can be shown. This behaviour can be turned on/off via the menu(if menu bar is enabled) or via the main toolbar button . There is a size limit for the file previews. This size limitation can be configured via option . There is also an option to use thumbnails embedded in files. In KDE 4.5 Previews are enabled (and maximum size defined) by . Starting from KDE 4.8, the aforementioned settings can be configured via .
The files in the currently selected folder are sorted in alphabetical order by default. The way of sorting can be changed via menu. The following sort criteria are available:
Additionally the sorting sequence can be defined byor .
There is the possibility to display additional information below the icons. These can be turned on/off viaor (if menu bar is enabled). In principal the same criteria which are available as search criteria can be selected.
You can group the icons to achieve a better overview. This is turned on viaor (if menu bar is enabled). Now the icons are grouped and the groups are divided by a horizontal line containing the name of the group as caption. The grouping is related to the selected search criteria.
分列 "名稱" 總是顯示的。點擊每個分列的頂部，列表會根據這個分列重新排序。點擊分列頂部，分類序列會復原（譯者注：靠(#‵′) 為什麼我這不會恢復,只會反向再排序一次）。
Since KDE 4.1 it is possible to display the folders as a tree. In this mode a plus sign is shown next to the folder. Plus sign has been replaced by > symbol in newer KDE versions. By clicking on this sign the folder is expanded and all containing sub folders and files are also shown in the table but they are attenuated. By clicking the sign, which displays a minus now (or an arrow pointing downwards in latest versions), again the expansion is closed again. Of course the tree structure can be used for as many folders as wished. In latest KDE releases, the tree view is enabled by default, but can be deactivated viawith option .
View mode "Columns" was inspired by the file manager Finder of Mac OS X. Entering a sub folder did not replace the current folder view but the content of the sub folder was listed in an additional column next to the column of the parent folder. This could be used for several hierarchies, so that you could navigate in an easy and fast way in the file system. Since KDE 4.8, view mode "Columns" has been dropped and will not be available in future Dolphin releases.
Under(or under the menu item if you have enabled menu bar) you can set any of these attributes to be the default for all folder views.
Dolphin contains several panels, which can be activated via menu. Each panel can be placed in the left or right docking area. To move a panel you have to unlock panels (right clik on a panel and select ), click on the header and Drag&Drop the panel. The area where the panel will be placed on mouse released is highlighted. It is possible to stack panels on top of each other. In this case the panels are placed into tabs.
在每個面板的標題有兩個按鈕。接近標題的按鈕可以游離(undock)面板。這使得面板成為一個獨立的窗口｢漂浮｣於 Dolphin上。但窗口還是與 Dolphin結合的，不能在沒有 Dolphin時顯示，不能像普通窗口一樣最小化。再次點擊按鈕，面板可以回復停靠。第二個按鈕會關閉面板。
Dolphin contains a new kind of bookmarks Places. These are displayed in a panel which can be activated via F9). The default Places are identical to the ones shown in the category Computer of the K-Menu Kickoff.(keyboard shortcut
The information panel can be activated via F11). This panel displays a preview or an icon of the currently selected file/folder or of the file/folder below the mouse cursor. Some additional information like change date or size to the file/folder is displayed as well.(keyboard shortcut
|如果你想知道一些檔中缺失的mp3 ID標籤（標題，時間。。。），那最有可能是ID3v2標籤丟失了。你可以自行添加ID3v2標籤，比如用 KID3。|
A panel providing a tree structure for the file system can be displayed via F7). The tree structure offers the possibility by clicking the > and ˇ signs to expand/collapse sub folders. By clicking on one of the folders the content will be displayed in the current view.(keyboard shortcut
The terminal emulator Konsole can be displayed directly in Dolphin via (keyboard shortcut F4). This makes it possible to use shell commands directly in Dolphin. The terminal is opened in the folder which is displayed in the current view. Shift + F4 opens Konsole in new window.
In KDE3 you could create bookmarks in Konqueror, but they were not available to any other application. KDE SC 4.x opens up a great deal more flexibility - but that inevitably means more complication. In fact KDE SC 4 has three classes of Bookmarks, which need to be differentiated. They reside in different files, and have different functions.
First, there is the set of bookmarks available only to Konqueror - web bookmarks. These are stored in ~/.kde/share/apps/konqueror/bookmarks.xml. Then there is a set which Dolphin calls Places. This set is available to all applications as well as the Dolphin file manager. Every time you useyou will see this set. The third set of bookmarks are Application Bookmarks. These share one file, regardless of the application that set them, and are available to all applications, unless you restrain them to a specific application. More of that later.
In most distros Bookmarks are not enabled by default. In order to use bookmarks we first have to enable them. Open ain most KDE applications and you will see, at the right-hand edge of the icon panel, a spanner or wrench. From the drop-down list, choose .
There is a default set of Places -
but you can add other places. In Dolphin, right-click on a folder and select, or just drag a folder onto Places.
By default this "Place" will be visible in all applications. If you want to keep it constrained to Dolphin, you need to right-click on the new name in the Places list, where you will find the option to Edit it. There is a check-box for .
You can see the result of that command if you read ~/.kde4/share/apps/kfileplaces/bookmarks.xml.
In some applications too there is an option in the File menu to add a folder to Places. At this stage, however, applications vary in which features are available. The important thing to remember is that the default is for Places items to be available to all applications in thedialogue.
This is the second class of bookmarks. Remember openingand using the spanner/wrench? Next to it is a yellow star. This is the bookmark management menu.
Here you can define bookmarks that will be visible in the same menu on any application. They are stored in one file, ~/.kde4/share/apps/kfile/bookmarks.xml, which is used by all applications having that menu.
Some applications allow you to edit items in the Places menu. For instance, if in Gwenview you right click on a folder in Places you can set an option to .
If you need to constrain to an application that does not yet allow you to do that, the only way left is to edit the file ~/.kde/share/apps/kfile/bookmarks.xml. Immediately before the </metadata> tag you will need to add the line
Managing archives now becomes simple. In any directory in Dolphin, highlight the files that you want to compress, and right-click. Here, using the Compress option, you can elect to create a RAR archive, a Gzipped tar archive, or define another compression mode that you have already set up.
Similarly, if you right-click on an existing archived file you get a range of actions added to the right-click menu. You can extract the archive to the current folder, to an autodetected subfolder or to another place of your choosing.
Should you wish to add files to an existing archive, you can choose.
Have you ever wanted to open a file, only to find that it is associated with an application that is not of your choice? You can, of course, alter this inRight-click on the file and select . But Dolphin and Konqueror offer you a quick and cool method for changing a single association. . The first line there is descriptive, something like:
Type: XML document
At the same level, on the right, there is a spanner (wrench). Click on that and you can add or change an association.
Similarly, by working on a folder, you can change the default file manager to/from Konqueror, if you choose, or add another image browser to the possible associations.
Thesub-menu opens up a whole lot more cool things to do from Dolphin. Some possibilities only appear when applicable to the file you have selected. Some of the options are
You now notice that Dolphin is proposing a WAV file for each track, plus:
You then just have to copy the folder of your choice, in your preferred format to obtain the relative encoded version of your CD!
Dolphin has access to a large number of file transfer protocols (KIO Slaves). One of those is provided by the KDE semantic search system (Nepomuk). Nepomuk offers a transfer protocol named history. You can navigate to it by entering timeline:/ in the location bar.
One particularly neat thing there is the ability to have the Today folder from the timeline:/ protocol in the Places sidebar (you can just drag it there!). You can then change the name and icon (do a right click on the new Today entry and choose).
It could be very useful to have this view of recently used files immediately when you start Dolphin. Unfortunately, as of Dolphin 2.1 (part of KDE SC 4.9) this is not possible without editing the Dolphin configuration file. See this blog for more details on that.
To edit the configuration file, first close all Dolphin windows. Dolphin will save its configuration upon closing, overwriting any changes you might make!
Then use KRunner (Alt + F2) to edit ~/.kde4/share/config/dolphinrc (or ~/.kde/share/config/dolphinrc, depending on your distribution) with KWrite as follows:
kwrite ~/.kde4/share/config/dolphinrc. You can of course use any other editor as well, like Kate. In the configuration file, locate the [General] section to edit the HomeUrl into:
HomeUrl=timeline:/today and save the file. You should now have the today view as default and have the files you're most often looking for at your fingertips!