This page is a translated version of the page Tutorials/Install KDE software and the translation is 44% complete.

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安装 KDE 软件

我们建议使用发行版内置的方式安装 KDE 软件。您可以在这里了解如何查询自己发行版的名称和版本

Ktip.png
Tip
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通过 GUI

发现(Discover)

发现(Discover)是 KDE 的软件中心,可在所有支持 appstream 的发行版(如 Ubuntu、Debian、Arch Linux、OpenSUSE、Red Hat、Fedora 等)上使用。想了解更多,可查看 发现(Discover)的页面。


Searching for KDE in Discover.

openSUSE - YaST

In openSUSE, you have the choice between using discover and YaST software management tool.

You find openSUSE's package management tool in the Computer tab of the start menu. Open that and click on the Software management icon to start the package manager.

Searching for KDE in the YaST sofware management.

Use the search field to find the package that you wish to install; you can search on the package name or the package description, and you only need to enter part of the name. You will then be presented with a list of packages matching your search. Click the selection boxes for the packages to be installed and then click Accept. See this page for more on package management and openSUSE.

Microsoft Store

一些 KDE 软件已在 Microsoft Store 上架。例如,你可以购买绘画软件 Krita,以及 KStars

KritaatMSStorezh.png

通过命令行

If you find that using a package manager is unbearably slow, you will want to use command-line installation. This is much faster, but the disadvantage is that you need to know the exact name of the package you want to install. Each system has helpful commands for searching, for instance, so try using the first word of install command below, with --help appended. As an example, yum --help will list the commands you can use for Fedora, but they are many and can be confusing at first.

openSUSE

With openSUSE you install software using zypper for example to install KWrite you will open a console and enter zypper in kwrite.

Ubuntu

在 Ubuntu 上安装应用可以使用 apt。例如,如果想安装 KWrite,那么 打开终端,输入 sudo apt install kwrite

Fedora

Fedora uses yum so to install KWrite you would open a console and type yum install kwrite If you are unsure of the name of a package, you can use yum list with wildcards to see all the packages with a word as part of the package name — for example yum list *network* will list all available packages with "network" as part of the name. Casting even wider, yum search mpeg will list all packages that either have mpeg in the name or in the description of the package.

Gentoo

With Gentoo you install software using emerge, e.g. for KWrite you would open a console and type emerge --ask kwrite (using --ask to get an overview of necessary dependencies and USE flag options before confirming). If you are unsure of the name of a package, you can use emerge --search to see all the packages with a word as part of the package name — e.g. emerge --search network will list all available packages with "network" as part of the name.

Mageia

You can use urpmi to install KDE software from a command line. Other useful commands can be found at Wikipedia's Urpmi page

OpenMandriva Lx

Most KDE software is installed already - you can use dnf to install additional packages. If you know what a package is called, you can use e.g. dnf --refresh install kwrite. If you don't know the package name, you can use dnf --refresh search '*kde*' to search (this example lists all packages that have "kde" as part of their name or description). You can also use discover or dnfdragora as graphical frontends to package installation.

Arch Linux 和 Manjaro

如果使用 Arch Linux 和其衍生版本(如 Manjaro),你可以使用 pacman 安装软件。例如,如果想安装 KWrite,那么 打开终端,输入 sudo pacman -S kwrite


This page was last edited on 3 April 2020, at 07:30. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.