术语表

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This page is a translated version of the page Glossary and the translation is 50% complete.

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这个页面提供了非技术性的参考,同时带有指向更详细资料或解释的链接。参阅Jargon 文件

活动

活动(Activities)是一系列拥有自己壁纸的 Plasma 部件。有点类似虚拟桌面,但不完全是。(译者注:虚拟桌面变的是程序窗口,活动变的是窗口的背景-桌面,比如说壁纸,图标,部件)
比如你有一个「工作活动」,带有 rss 订阅信息,你的一份 TODO 笔记,一个带有与你工作有关文件的文件夹视图和一幅微妙的壁纸。
在他旁边,你还有另一个「空闲时间活动」,带着家庭照片和狗照片的预览,你最爱的博客的 rss 订阅信息,一个展示你的电影收藏的文件夹视图,一个 twitter 小部件,当然还有从 80 年代初喜爱至今的铁娘子乐队(Iron Maiden)的壁纸。
在 17:00 整点的时候你从「工作活动」切换到「空闲时间活动」中。

More info:

Creating Activities

Akonadi

The data storage access mechanism for all PIM (Personal Information Manager) data in KDE. This allows various applications to access the required information in one place. Note that use of Akonadi does not change data storage formats (vcard, iCalendar, mbox, maildir etc.) - it just provides a new way of accessing and updating the data.
设计开发 Akonadi 的主要原因是技术方面,例如从不同的程序(例如kmailkword……)用一种统一的方式访问 PIM 数据(联系人,日程表,emails……),因此无需到处编写类似的代码。
另一个目标是将图形程序像是 kmail 从直接访问外部资源比如 mail-servers(邮件服务器)中脱离 - 这是过去有关性能/响应(performance/responsiveness)的bug回报/愿望的主要原因。
更多信息:
Akonadi for KDE's PIM
维基百科 - Akonadi
Techbase - Akonadi

Baloo

Baloo is a file indexing and search service that Dolphin and Elisa use to get metadata for files and to allow global searches. In a terminal type, balooctl check to find out whether an index was created already. balooctl disable and balooctl status are helpful instructions as well.

More info:

Baloo

容器

容器(Containment)是部件(widget)的顶层组合。每个容器管理他的与其他容器独立的一系列部件的布局和配置数据。
最终结果是你能根据对你工作模式的意义来组合多个部件到一个容器内,而不是根据目录分组。

D-Bus

An inter-service messaging system. D-Bus allows multiple programs to Developed by Red Hat®, it was heavily influenced by KDE3's DCOP, which it supersedes.
更多信息:
FreeDesktop.org: What is D-Bus?
维基百科: D-Bus

Dolphin

The default file manager in KDE Plasma. It has a side panel (Places), but navigation is mainly by the breadcrumb trail above the main window. It has various advanced features such as split windows and individual views in different windows. Mounting and umounting USB devices can be done in the side-panel. Other directories can be added to the Places panel. A Tree view is also possible.

More info:

Wikipedia - Dolphin (software)
The UserBase File Management Tutorial

Flake

Flake 是应用在KOfficeCalligra上的编程函数库(programming library)。功能上,它提供用来显示内容「形状(Shapes)」和操作内容的工具。形状可以缩放或旋转,可以组合多个形状成单个形状,可以围绕形状制作文本流(text flow)。
更多信息:

KDE Community Wiki - Flake

获得百宝箱

获得百宝箱(Get Hot New Stuff,简称GHNS)是个开放的标准,使得使用者能容易的下载和安装各种程序的扩展。我们的 GHNS 实现被应用在 Plasma 中(举例来说像获得新的桌面主题),以及很多应用程序和部件。

More info:

The KDE Store

主文件夹(Home)

这是系统内存放你所有文件的地方。 你可以在这个文件夹之外存放文件,但是所有的程序都设置成建议保存文件到这个文件夹内。保存东西在这更容易些。
更多信息:
维基百科

KHTML

KHTML is a HTML rendering engine that was the base of WebKit, the engine that powers many browsers still in use today (e.g. Safari).

Kirigami

Kirigami is a set of components allowing developers to create applications that looks good and works well on mobile platforms as well as on the desktop.

More info:

Kirigami on kde.org

Kickoff

Kickoff is a launch menu in KDE Plasma in which apps are sorted by functional groups. Right-click also offers the possibility of adding applications to the desktop or panel. Rapid access to a less-used application is made possible with the search box. There are also alternatives, such as the fullscreen app dashboard.

More info:

Design documentation

KJS

KDE 平台的 JavaScript 引擎。

KInfoCenter

KInfoCenter originated as part of KControl standing alone from KDE 3.1. It can display data about your system such as energy usage, hardware info and many more.

更多信息:

KInfoCenter
维基百科 - KDE 资讯中心

KIO

KDE 输入/输出框架,为操作文件(不管是本地或是远程服务器)提供了一个单独的 API。此外,KIO Slaves 还为个别协议提供支持。一些尤其有用的协议是 http,ftp,sftp,smb, nfs,ssh (fish),man,tar 和 zip。

More info:

A tutorial on file transfers
Wikipedia - KIO
Linux.com - Master the KIO slaves

Kiosk

Kiosk is a framework for restricting user capabilities on a KDE platform system, ideal for use in locked-down environments such as Internet cafés. It has been unmaintained for quite some time now.

KPart

KPart 是 KDE Plasma 桌面的个别组件并允许应用程序彼此共享服务。KParts 允许 KMailKOrganizer(以插件的方式)整合进 Kontact 套件,或整合 KHTMLAkregator 以显示网站内容。

Kross

Kross 是一个脚本框架,提供对多种脚本语言的支持。插件系统允许今后有更进一步的语言支持。

KRunner

The mini-command-line that is accessed from the Classic menu, the keyboard shortcut Alt+F2, or a right-click on the desktop.

More info:

KRunner wiki

KWin

KWin is the window manager of KDE. This is where window decorations can be changed and themes applied.

More info:

KWin

分页器

分页器(Pager)是个显示你桌面上窗口的位置的小程序或面板部件,通常如果你有多个虚拟桌面时显示预览。

Panel

See Kicker. In KDE Plasma the name "kicker" is dropped, and the name "panel" is the norm. "Applets"; are largely replaced by Widgets

更多信息:

面板

Phonon

A cross-platform multimedia API, interfacing with existing frameworks, such as gstreamer and xine engines.

More info:

Phonon
Wikipedia - Phonon (KDE)
Phonon website

Plasma

Plasma is the desktop environment from KDE. It is the part of the desktop that you can see. Plasma also acts as a glue between panels, plasmoids and Kickoff. Plasma Mobile allows Plasma to run on smartphones and uses the same underlying code base.

More info:

Wikipedia - Plasma (KDE)
Plasma website
The Plasma main page
The Plasma FAQ's

Qt

(Pronounced "cute") A framework/toolkit for writing cross-platform applications. It is used by many cross-platform applications such as Krita, GoogleEarth and many others. Qt forms the underlying library KDE software is built on.

More info:

The Qt Toolkit

Solid

Solid 为硬件管理提供了单一的 API。硬件被分为“域”(domains);初始域涉及 HAL,NetworkManager 和 Bluetooth 堆栈。因为 Solid 的后端是可插的,Solid 帮助程序开发人员编写更少的代码,并拥有平台独立性。

More info:

Discover Solid

System Settings

The system settings are the unified place where you can change and customize many aspects of the Plasma desktop and KWin such as icon themes, desktop effects and shortcuts.

More info:

System Settings

Threadweaver

这个线程编程库用于多核处理器的工作,在排队执行它们前将它们以优先次序排序。ThreadWeaver 提供了用于多线程编程的高级作业接口。

更多信息:

为什么使用多线程? (技术文章)

虚拟桌面

基于 Unix 的窗口管理器的一个流行的概念是「虚拟桌面」。这意味着你不只有一个屏幕可以用来放置窗口而是有多个。但你切换到另一个不同的桌面(通常用「分页器」)你只会看到新桌面里启动的窗口或移至新桌面的窗口。窗口也可以做的 "sticky",意思是他可以出现在全部桌面。

WebKit

HTML rendering engine, originating from a fork of KHTML. Adopted by Apple and developed for Safari.
更多信息:
Webkit 主页
维基百科 - Webkit

部件

柯林斯英语词典:“任何名称未知或临时遗忘的小的装置或设备。”对KDE软件来说,部件(widget)是桌面画布上单一组件。其他类似的通用名称是“小程序(applet)”或“小工具(gadget)”。Superkaramba 主题、Apple 的 Dashboard、Google Gadgets、Yahoo Widgets、Vista Sider Widgets、Opera Widgets 都是其他部件系统的实例(其中有些同样被 Plasma 支持)。

X Server

The X Server represents a basic layer upon which the various GUIs like the KDE Plasma desktop are built. It manages the basic mouse and keyboard input (from the local host as well as from remote hosts) and provides elementary graphic routines to draw rectangles and other primitives.

XMLGUI

一个用来设计用户界面的编程框架。他被广泛的运用在 KPart
更多信息:
维基百科 - XMLGUI
维基百科 - Qt Style Sheets



This page was last modified on 14 July 2018, at 12:40. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.