術語表

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This page sets out to provide a non-technical reference, together with links for further information or demonstration. See also Jargon File.

活動

活動(Activities)是一系列擁有自己壁紙的 Plasma 元件。有點類似虛擬桌面,但不完全是。 (譯者註:虛擬桌面變的是程式窗口,活動變的是窗口的背景-桌面,比如說壁紙,圖示,元件)
比如你有一個「工作活動」,帶有 rss 訂閱信息,你的一份 TODO 筆記,一個帶有與你工作有關文件的文件夾視圖和一幅微妙的壁紙。
在他旁邊,你還有另一個「空閒時間活動」,帶著家庭照片和狗照片的預覽,你最愛的博客的 rss 訂閱信息,一個展示你的電影收藏的文件夾視圖,一個 twitter 小元件,當然還有從 80 年代初喜愛至今的鐵娘子樂隊(Iron Maiden)的壁紙。
在 17:00 整點的時候你從「工作活動」切換到「空閒時間活動」中。

More info:

Creating Activities

Akonadi

The data storage access mechanism for all PIM (Personal Information Manager) data in KDE. This allows various applications to access the required information in one place. Note that use of Akonadi does not change data storage formats (vcard, iCalendar, mbox, maildir etc.) - it just provides a new way of accessing and updating the data.
設計開發 Akonadi 的主要原因是技術方面,例如從不同的程式(例如 kmailkword……)用一種統一的方式訪問 PIM 數據(聯繫人,日程表,emails……),因此無需到處編寫類似的代碼。
另一個目標是將圖形程式像是 kmail 從直接訪問外部資源比如 mail-servers(郵件服務器)中脫離- 這是過去有關性能/響應(performance/responsiveness)的 bug 回報/願望的主要原因。
更多信息:
Akonadi for KDE's PIM
維基百科- Akonadi
Techbase - Akonadi

Baloo

Baloo is a file indexing and search service that Dolphin and Elisa use to get metadata for files and to allow global searches. In a terminal type, balooctl check to find out whether an index was created already. balooctl disable and balooctl status are helpful instructions as well.

More info:

Baloo

容器

容器(Containment)是元件(widget)的頂層組合。每個容器管理他的與其他容器獨立的一系列元件的佈局和配置數據。
最終結果是你能根據對你工作模式的意義來組合多個元件到一個容器內,而不是根據目錄分組。

D-Bus

An inter-service messaging system. D-Bus allows multiple programs to Developed by Red Hat®, it was heavily influenced by KDE3's DCOP, which it supersedes.
更多信息:
FreeDesktop.org: What is D-Bus?
維基百科: D-Bus

Dolphin

The default file manager in KDE Plasma. It has a side panel (Places), but navigation is mainly by the breadcrumb trail above the main window. It has various advanced features such as split windows and individual views in different windows. Mounting and umounting USB devices can be done in the side-panel. Other directories can be added to the Places panel. A Tree view is also possible.

More info:

Wikipedia - Dolphin (software)
The UserBase File Management Tutorial

Flake

Flake is a programming library to be used in KOffice and Calligra. Functionally, it provides Shapes to display content and Tools to manipulate content. Shapes can be zoomed or rotated and can be grouped to work as a single Shape, around which text flow is possible.

More info:

KDE Community Wiki - Flake

獲得百寶箱

獲得百寶箱(Get Hot New Stuff,簡稱 GHNS)是個開放的標準,使得使用者能容易的下載和安裝各種程式的擴展。我們的 GHNS 實現被應用在 Plasma 中(舉例來說像獲得新的桌面主題),以及很多應用程式和元件。

More info:

The KDE Store

Home 目錄(主文件夾)

這是系統內存放你所有文件的地方。你可以在這個文件夾之外存放文件,但是所有的程式都設置成建議保存文件到這個文件夾內。保存東西在這更容易些。
更多信息:
維基百科

KHTML

KHTML is a HTML rendering engine that was the base of WebKit, the engine that powers many browsers still in use today (e.g. Safari).

Kirigami

Kirigami is a set of components allowing developers to create applications that looks good and works well on mobile platforms as well as on the desktop.

More info:

Kirigami on kde.org

Kickoff

Kickoff is a launch menu in KDE Plasma in which apps are sorted by functional groups. Right-click also offers the possibility of adding applications to the desktop or panel. Rapid access to a less-used application is made possible with the search box. There are also alternatives, such as the fullscreen app dashboard.

More info:

Design documentation

KJS

KDE 平台的 JavaScript 引擎。

KInfoCenter

KInfoCenter originated as part of KControl standing alone from KDE 3.1. It can display data about your system such as energy usage, hardware info and many more.

More Info:

KInfoCenter
Wikipedia - KInfoCenter

KIO

KDE 輸入/輸出框架,為操作文件(不管是本地或是遠程服務器)提供了一個單獨的 API。此外,KIO Slaves 還為個別協議提供支持。一些尤其有用的協議是 http,ftp,sftp,smb, nfs,ssh (fish),man,tar 和 zip。

More info:

A tutorial on file transfers
Wikipedia - KIO
Linux.com - Master the KIO slaves

Kiosk

Kiosk is a framework for restricting user capabilities on a KDE platform system, ideal for use in locked-down environments such as Internet cafés. It has been unmaintained for quite some time now.

KPart

KPart 是 KDE Plasma 桌面的個別組件並允許應用程式彼此共享服務。 KParts 允許 KMailKOrganizer(以插件的方式)整合進 Kontact 套件,或整合 KHTMLAkregator 以顯示網站內容。

Kross

Kross 是一個腳本框架,提供了對多種腳本語言的支援。外掛系統允許今後有更進一步的語言支持。

KRunner

The mini-command-line that is accessed from the Classic menu, the keyboard shortcut Alt+F2, or a right-click on the desktop.

More info:

KRunner wiki

KWin

KWin is the window manager of KDE. This is where window decorations can be changed and themes applied.

More info:

KWin

分頁器

分頁器(Pager)是個顯示你桌面上窗口的位置的小程式或面板元件,通常如果你有多個虛擬桌面時顯示預覽。

Panel

See Kicker. In KDE Plasma the name "kicker" is dropped, and the name "panel" is the norm. "Applets"; are largely replaced by Widgets

More info:

Panels

Phonon

A cross-platform multimedia API, interfacing with existing frameworks, such as gstreamer and xine engines.

More info:

Phonon
Wikipedia - Phonon (KDE)
Phonon website

Plasma

Plasma is the desktop environment from KDE. It is the part of the desktop that you can see. Plasma also acts as a glue between panels, plasmoids and Kickoff. Plasma Mobile allows Plasma to run on smartphones and uses the same underlying code base.

More info:

Wikipedia - Plasma (KDE)
Plasma website
The Plasma main page
The Plasma FAQ's

Qt

(Pronounced "cute") A framework/toolkit for writing cross-platform applications. It is used by many cross-platform applications such as Krita, GoogleEarth and many others. Qt forms the underlying library KDE software is built on.

More info:

The Qt Toolkit

Solid

Solid 為硬件管理提供了單一的 API。硬件被分為“域”(domains);初始域涉及 HAL,NetworkManager 和 Bluetooth 堆棧。因為 Solid 的後端是可插的,Solid 幫助程式開發人員編寫更少的代碼,並擁有平台獨立性。

More info:

Discover Solid

System Settings

The system settings are the unified place where you can change and customize many aspects of the Plasma desktop and KWin such as icon themes, desktop effects and shortcuts.

More info:

System Settings

Threadweaver

這個線程編程庫用於多核處理器的工作,在排隊執行它們前將它們以優先次序排序。 ThreadWeaver 提供了用於多線程編程的高級作業接口。

More info:

Why Multithreading? (Technical article)

虛擬桌面

基於 Unix 的窗口管理器的一個流行的概念是「虛擬桌面」。這意味著你不只有一個屏幕可以用來放置窗口而是有多個。但你切換到另一個不同的桌面(通常用「分頁器」)你只會看到新桌面裡啟動的窗口或移至新桌面的窗口。窗口也可以做的 "sticky",意思是他可以出現在全部桌面。

WebKit

HTML rendering engine, originating from a fork of KHTML. Adopted by Apple and developed for Safari.
更多信息:
Webkit 主頁
維基百科- Webkit

元件

柯林斯英語詞典:“任何名稱未知或臨時遺忘的小的裝置或設備。”對 KDE 軟體來說,元件(widget)是桌面畫布上單一組件。其他類似的通用名稱是“小程式(applet) “或”小工具(gadget)“。 Superkaramba 主題,Apple 的 Dashboard、Google Gadgets、Yahoo Widgets、Vista Sider Widgets、Opera Widgets 都是其他元件系統的實例(其中有些同樣被 Plasma 支援)。

X Server

The X Server represents a basic layer upon which the various GUIs like the KDE Plasma desktop are built. It manages the basic mouse and keyboard input (from the local host as well as from remote hosts) and provides elementary graphic routines to draw rectangles and other primitives.

XMLGUI

一個用來設計用戶介面的編程框架。他被廣泛的運用在 KPart
更多信息:
維基百科- XMLGUI
維基百科- Qt Style Sheets



This page was last modified on 14 July 2018, at 12:40. Content is available under Creative Commons License SA 4.0 unless otherwise noted.